Painful periods, medically referred as dysmenorrhea, occurs in women who experience pain just before and during menstruation, but who are otherwise healthy. Women who have had normal periods that later become painful may have secondary dysmenorrhea. This condition is usually accompanied by a problem affecting the uterus or other pelvic organs.
HOW IS PAINFUL PERIODS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a gynaecologist who would do an ultrasound to check for clots, polyps, stones and tumours.
HOW IS PAINFUL PERIODS TREATED?
Treatment depends on diagnosis of the problem. In most cases, pain killers are given to provide respite. Surgery is needed if above mentioned complications arise. Exercises and healthy diet are also suggested to help shed fat around the uterus. In other cases, the doctors would also recommend you to take hot packs to reduce the pain and also medicines to relieve the clots.
DID YOU KNOW?
Risk factors include:
• being under age 20
• having a family history of painful periods
• having heavy bleeding with periods
• having irregular periods
• never having had a baby
• having experienced early puberty, which is puberty before the age of 11