Bipolar Disorder is also referred to as the manic-depressive illness. It is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in the mood, activity levels and the energy. Bipolar disorder is a very serious disease that can cause risky behavior and sometimes result in suicidal tendencies. Bipolar symptoms are dramatic and unpredictable mood swings. Mania symptoms are excessive happiness, irritability, restlessness, excitement, lesser sleep, tendency to make grand and unattainable plans. Depression symptoms are anxiety, sadness, loss of energy, change in appetite, uncontrolled crying and thoughts of death and suicide.
HOW IS BIPOLAR DISORDER DIAGNOSED?
A psychiatrist diagnoses bipolar disorder by the following tests: 1. Physical exam of the patient considering the clinical picture 2. EEG 3.CT Scan 4. Investigations to rule out other diseases
HOW IS BIPOLAR DISORDER TREATED?
There are a lot of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques used to treat bipolar disorder. Self help may help recovery. Hospitalization may be required especially with manic episodes present in bipolar. Cognitive behavioural therapy, family focused therapy and psychoeducation are the most effective treatments. Homeopathic medications are used to treat bipolar disorders. Anticonvulsants and antidepressants are used