Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are to high. With type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose gets into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth. Type 1 diabetes happens most often in children and young adults but can appear at any age. Symptoms may include :
• Being very thirsty
• Urinating often
• Feeling very hungry or tired
• Losing weight without trying
• Having sores that heal slowly
• Having dry, itchy skin
• Losing the feeling in your feet or having tingling in your feet
• Having blurry eyesight
HOW IS TYPE 1 DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
Testing of the blood sugar levels is the surest diagnosis for the presence of Type 1 Diabetes. Test of urine and blood is also simultaneously done, particularly in empty stomach or fasting and the fasting sugar levels and insulin production are assessed.
HOW IS TYPE 1 DIABETES TREATED?
The treatment of Type 1 Diabetes involves insulin injections, proper healthy diet and exercising to keep the blood sugar level under control.
DID YOU KNOW?
Type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms can come on quickly and may include:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Bedwetting in children who previously didn't wet the bed during the night
• Extreme hunger
• Unintended weight loss
• Irritability and other mood changes
• Fatigue and weakness
• Blurred vision
• In females, a vaginal yeast infection