Cervical cancer occurs when there is a build-up of abnormal cells on the cervix, beyond the normal limit. It can be cured completely through early diagnosis. It is caused by the human papillomavirus. Symptoms of cervical cancer are:
• Excessive bleeding from vagina after menopause
• Pain in lower belly or pelvis
• Abnormal vaginal discharge
• Pain during sex
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
An oncologist diagnoses cervical cancer by the following:
1. Pap smear test
3. Conisation or biopsy
4. CT/MRI/ X Rays
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER TREATED?
The treatment includes surgery during which the Oncologist will remove the pelvic lymph nodes. Also, a hysterectomy may be conducted. Further, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may also be required for malignant cases or depending on the extent of the growth.
DID YOU KNOW?
Some of the treatments used can have significant and long-lasting side effects, including early menopause and infertility.