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Know About Peptic Ulcers

Written and reviewed by
Dr.Monika Jain 89% (31ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Delhi  •  34years experience
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Hello,

I am Dr. Monika Jain, Gastroenterologist. Today I will talk about peptic ulcer. Ye bahut hi common problem hai. Jiske baare mein aam toor pe general public mein rehta hai ke badi difficult disease hai and common disease hai. Ike baare mein bahut sari bharantiyan bhi rehti hain ke kya khana chaiye, kis vajaha se hoti hai, toh aaj iske baare mein hum baat karenge. Sabse pehle hum ulcer kise kehte hain? Agar pait mein koi bhi ghav ho jaaye toh use hum ulcer disease kehte hain. Iske mukhaye karan kya hite hain? Iske 2 important karan hain. Ek hai helicobacter pylori infection and 2nd is NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Jo ki pain hatane ke lia use hoti hai. Ye painkillers log knowingly and unknowingly karte hain. Kuch conditions hain jaise smoke jyada hai ya fir alcohol jyada hai ya fir spicy food ka consumption jyada hai, agar kisi ko ulcer hai toh ye sab un problems ko badhata hai. Hum pehchanege kaise ki kisi ko ulcer hai? Generally, patient aayenge peat dard ke sath, peat ke upari hisse mein dard hota hai, ye pain raat ko badh jata hai.

Burning rehti hai peat mein. Vomiting hoti hai patient ko. Food digest nahi hota hai. Patient ko kaise oata chalega ki use Dr ko dikhana hai? Agar ye sare symptoms patient ko kafi lambe samay se hai toh. Ulcer ke lia log over the counter medicines lete hain jo acidity control karne ke lia hoti hain. Agar medicine lene ke baad bhi aram na aaye toh unhein Dr se consult karna chaiye. Next important baat ki kuch alarm symptoms hote hain jismein agar khoon ki kami ho jaaye ya kisi ka weight ghat jaaye, khoon ki ulti aa jaaye ya for kaale rang ka stool pass ho toh ye sab alarm symptoms hain. Kuch risk factors hain jaise ki koi smoker hai, alcohol hai and ye symptoms hain, liver disease ke patients ho, asthma ya heart disease ke patient hain, ya fir kidney problem hai jismein especially is type ke symptoms aane laage ki in sab logon mein ulcer ki matra jyada paayi jaati hai toh Dr ko consult karna chaiye, Patient ko Dr ke pass aa ke treatment lena chaiye, kya in bimariyon se kisi ko major khatra bhi ho sakta hai toh ye mai batana chahungi ki ulcer ko halke mein na lein.

Kyuki ye bahut sari complications bhi humari body mein kar sakta hai. Sabse important complication hai bleeding, agar ulcer fut jaaye ya bleeding kar jaaye toh khoon ki ulti ho jaati hai, stool mein bhi blood aa jata hai. Kabhi kabhi bleeding itni severe ho jaati hai ki jaan ko bhi khatre mein daal sakti hai. Kabhi kabhi intestine ya peat fat jata hai joki bahut hi serious complication hai and surgical treatment hi require hota hai. Ulcer disease agar bahut lambe time tak rahe toh kabhi kabhi ulcer cancer mein bhi convert ho jata hai. Ulcer ki healing se vo area kayi baar sukad jata hai toh aise mein aant and peat ki blockage bhi ho sakti hai jise humein aage manage karna pad sakta hai. Iska bachav kaise ho sakta hai.

Iske 2 mukhye karan hain ek toh mene aapko kitadu batayein hain and kuch pain killers hain. Toh inhi chizon se bachav karna chaiye. Humein haath ki saaf safayi, khane ki saaf safayi rakhni chaiye. Dusra painkillers ke baare mein mai aap ko btana chahungi. Painkillers tabhi lein jab iski jarurat ho. Unnecessary painkillers na lein. Humesha Dr ki salah lein. Konse painkillers khane hain vo DR se hi puchein. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ulcers karte hain. Dr ki advice leke hi medicines lein. Ulcers ka diagnosis kaise hota hai. Endoscopy kia jata hai. Jismein hum muh ke through durbin daal ke kuch hi minton mein isko pakad sakte hain. AGar koi khatre vali baat hai toh biopsy bhi kar sakte hain. Agar humein koi khatare vali baat lage toh usmein biopsy bhi le sakte hain. Sath hi sath hum uska treatment bhi bata sakte hain. So, aap sabki achi health ki shubhkamnayein karte hue mai aap ko dhanyawad karti hun.

Thank You.

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