Sinusitis is inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, the cavities that produce the mucus necessary for the nasal passages to work effectively.
The patient may be diagnosed with acute sinusitis. If the following symptoms persist:
- Facial pain and pressure
- Blocked nose
- Nasal discharge
- Reduced sense of smell
In more advanced cases, the following symptoms may also be present:
- Halitosis, or foul-smelling breath
These symptoms continue for 12 weeks or longer, it is termed as chronic sinusitis.
If you have the above symptoms then-
- The doctor will carry out a physical examination and about their symptoms and visually examine the nasal cavity with a light source, or a small, handheld device with a light attached called an otoscope, which can also be used to examine the ears.
- If symptoms persist, a doctor may refer a person with sinusitis to an ear, nose, and throat specialist (ent) for a more in-depth examination. They may insert an endoscope into the nose, a small, thin, flexible tube with a light and camera attached. This can provide more detailed images.
- In cases of persistent or severe sinusitis, a ct scan may be needed.
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