Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Top Health Tips on Treating Athlete's Foot

Foot Care & Eye Care In Diabetes

General Physician, Mumbai
Foot Care & Eye Care In Diabetes
Diabetes can wreak havoc on the eye and the foot. Proper care is necessary in order to refrain from any serious consequences. It can damage the blood vessels and the nerves of the feet resulting in numbness and permanent disability. Some of the alarming foot symptoms include bruises, cuts, cracked skin and hard spots. Some of the common measures that need to be taken for foot include checking the temperature sensation of the foot by immersing it in hot water, drying the feet gently in between the toes and using agents such as lotion, lanolin, and petroleum jelly.

Some of the other preventive measure includes cutting the nails when they are young and straight to ensure no injury to the foot takes place. It should be ensured the toe is not touched by the nail of the toe. A pumice stone can be used to get rid of the corns immediately after a bath. No medicated pads or sharp razors should be utilised to cut corns. The feet should be soaked in warm water before trimming nails.

A shoe should be put on at all times to save the feet. The shoe sole should be thoroughly checked for foreign objects such as stones and nails to ensure that the foot is not hurt. Tight shoes should be strictly avoided in order to refrain from soreness and blisters. Dry and clean socks should be put up to ensure the foot is clean. For people living in cold area, wearing thick socks should be practised. This will help the foot protect from cold. Finally, a doctor should be called in case there are any visible signs of swelling, redness, cracks, pain or sensation of burning.

Too much blood sugar can cause harm to the eye in four ways: It can cause damage to the retina, lens, optic nerve and vitreous gel. There could be serious repercussions of diabetes to the eye including low vision and complete loss of vision. Diabetes blocks the retina and is capable of cutting off the total supply of oxygen.

Some of the common symptoms of retina related problems include double vision, a pressure in one eye, problems in corner vision, flashing lights, pain in the eye, blank spots etc. A simple check up by an oculist can reveal any eye problems related to diabetes.

An ophthalmologist can treat the diabetes-related eye problem by medicine that blocks the protein responsible for fluid leakage and blood vessel growth. He can also go for laser treatment to treat macular edema. Even scatter laser treatments are also used for this purpose. If all else fails a doctor chooses to perform a procedure known as vitrectomy.
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Charcot Foot - How To Manage It?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Diabetic Foot Surgeon, Mumbai
Charcot Foot - How To Manage It?
Charcot foot is a rare complication of diabetes. It usually affects diabetics with peripheral neuropathy. Charcot affects the joints, bones and soft tissues of the ankle or foot. This causes the bones to become brittle and fragile, and the joints to become dislocated. Over time, the foot joints collapse and become deformed.

What causes Charcot foot?

The following conditions/factors may cause Charcot foot to develop in individuals

Spinal cord injury/disease

A fracture or sprain that does not heal quickly

A footsore that refuses to heal

An infection

As these problems start to show up, the patient may not be aware that the foot is hurt because of nerve damage a complication common in diabetic mellitus patients that keeps you from feeling or sensing any pain.

What are the symptoms?

Although you might not be able to feel the pain due to loss of sensation, you are likely to notice the following symptoms if you have Charcot foot

Swelling in the ankle or foot

The foot/ankle may appear reddish

Feels warm to the touch

Watch out for the early signs of the condition. It is advisable that you get yourself diagnosed for Charcot foot upon identifying the above symptoms.

Diagnosis of Charcot Foot

Lab tests and X-ray are usually used to detect Charcot foot. Your doctor will carefully examine the foot and go through your medical history to check if you have diabetes.

After confirming the diagnosis, the doctor will decide on the line of treatment depending on the severity of the condition.


The goal of Charcot foot treatment is to heal fractured bones and prevent deformity and further damage to the joints.

Non-surgical treatment involves

Casting In the initial stage, a cast boot or cast protects the ankle and foot. It is an effective method of managing the symptoms of Charcot foot. The cast helps reduce swelling and acts as a shield to the bones.

Custom Shoes A custom shoe or diabetic shoe is recommended once the initial swelling has reduced and the bones have fused together. The shoe is specially designed to reduce the risk of foot sores/ulcers.

Surgery is recommended if the foot deformity increases one s likelihood of getting ulcers, or if the specialized shoe wear is not effective. The surgeon will fuse or align bones to stabilize the foot. He might also level sharp bones that could cut into the skin of your foot and cause ulcers.

There are other ways to manage Charcot foot.

Do not put too much weight on the injured foot

Wash your feet daily

Always wear shoes and socks

Get regular checkups with a specialist who treats diabetic foot problems

Follow the doctor s instructions to ensure the best outcome from treatment. Patients with Charcot foot must inspect both their feet carefully on a daily basis. You should also work to keep your blood sugar levels under control to avoid complications.

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Swollen Ankles - 5 Best Homeopathic Medicines For Them!

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy, PhD
Homeopathy Doctor, Delhi
Swollen Ankles - 5 Best Homeopathic Medicines For Them!
Your ankle may get injured at any point in time, sometimes it can be driven by sudden trauma or injury or it may find its virtual roots into such serious problems like venous insufficiency, arthritis, heart disease and so on. When a complaint of the swallen ankle is made by a patient, at first before prescribing anything homoeopathic treatment follows a procedure of detailed investigation to manage it.

There are basically two types of treatments for swollen ankles. In the case of swollen ankles aggravated by some kind of injuries, arthritis homoeopathic medicines work independently while if any vital organ is involved in the swallen ankle, homoeopathic treatment would act there as a support to other medicines.

Homoeopathic Remedies For Swollen Ankles:
The most effective homoeopathic medicines for swollen ankles are as follows

In the case of dropsical swelling over ankles: Apis Mellifica and Apocynum are the first to be named in this series. These are effectively used when one is found with dropsical swelling due to an accumulation of excessive fluids in the tissues. When the ankle gets swollen due to certain kind of injury it is preferable to use Apis Mellifica. On the other hand, dropsical swelling of ankles soon after cardiac diseases are likely to be treated with Apocynum.
For Swollen Ankles Due To Arthritis: Where the ankle swelling is owing to arthritis, doctors generally prefer to prescribe Ledum Pal in such cases. The characteristic symptoms of this type of ankle swelling are hot and painful ankles. Ledum Pal has the reputation for working substantially in such cases.
About The Top Grade Homeopathic Medicine For Swollen Ankles: Arnica is the most popular homoeopathic medicine for swollen ankle owing to injury. Arnica works wonderfully in resolving the swelling and reconciles the painful symptoms arising out of the injuries to the ankle.
In Case Swollen Ankles Resulting From Sprain: Sometimes overstretching of the ligaments may lead to a sprain as the ligaments hold the joints in a place. Sprain ankle can be cured successfully with one of the most excellent homoeopathic medicines called Ruta. Besides curing sprain ankle, it also appears helpful in case of lameness or weakness in ankle joint. For its added effectiveness Ruta has been ranked among the best medicines for Swollen ankles.
For The Ankle Swelling Due To Varicose Veins: If the ankle swells due to the varicose veins, there is a medicine called Hamamelis which works very fast in treating ankles swelled for varicose veins. If swelling happens due to varicose veins you may have come through the symptom like cutting pain.
Though at the end it should be mentioned that homoeopathic treatment for swollen ankle should be begun only after consulting a specialist in this field.
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Diabetes - How To Manage Foot Pain Caused By It?

Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Bangalore
Diabetes - How To Manage Foot Pain Caused By It?
If you have numbness or tingling sensation in your feet, then you could be suffering from diabetic peripheral neuropathy. It can have an impact on your sleep, mood and overall quality of life. Besides taking the prescribed medications, there are effective ways of dealing with foot pain stemming from high blood sugar as explained below.

Taking over-the-counter medicines: Medicines such as aspirin, naproxen, acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help to serve mild to moderate pain stemming from diabetic nerve damage. But before taking these medicines, you should consult with an expert since they can raise the risk of heart attack and kidney problems.
Quit smoking: Smoking may cause the blood vessels to constrict and impair the circulation. This indicates that the peripheral nerves will not get an adequate amount of nutrient-rich blood which can pave the way for more pain.
Have control over your blood sugar levels: With the passage of time, the excess blood sugar levels can cause damage the peripheral nerves. When you have blood sugar levels within a healthy range, you can substantially reduce your risk of nerve damage. You should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy and whole grains.
Take more Vitamin D: Even though it is hard to get the desired 600 IU of this vitamin from food, you can get it in the form of supplement. A study found that people with diabetic neuropathy can take the supplement once in a week to curb the symptoms of feet pain. Vitamin B complex plays a crucial role in improving nerve health. You should get it in right amounts so that the brain can produce certain chemicals which are required for sending information through the body channels.
Take Alpha-lipoic acid supplement: The human body has the natural ability to produce little amounts of antioxidants. When you take them in recommended quantities it can regulate the blood sugar levels and ease the pain in the feet and palms. A per a study, people taking more than 600 milligrams of antioxidants on a regular basis experienced 19 percent improvement in the diabetic neuropathy symptoms within 5 weeks.
Indulge in daily workouts: Regular workout can help you to combat pain in a variety of ways. It can regulate the blood sugar levels and slow down nerve damage. Exercise can surge the flow of blood to the legs and arms and it can also enliven your mood and offer relief from stress.
Note that a nerve damage can lead to loss of sensation in the feet which means that you may not realize any cut or scratch in your feet until much later which could prove fatal. Hence it is essential for you to prevent the loss of sensation. Using the methods suggested above you can deal with the foot pain related to diabetes.
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Athlete's Foot - 7 Alternative Remedies For You!

Sexologist, Jammu
Athlete's Foot - 7 Alternative Remedies For You!
Athlete s foot, also called tinea pedis, is an infectious bacterial fungal contamination that affects the skin on the feet and can spread to the toenails and in some cases to the hands as well. The fungal disease is called athlete s foot, since it is ordinarily found in athletes. Athlete s foot is not that serious, however, sometimes it is difficult to cure. In case you have diabetes or a week immune system and suspect that you have athlete s foot, you need to call your specialist or doctor immediately.

Regardless, here are few alternative ways to treat athlete s foot:

Tea tree oil: Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) has been used as an option for treating athlete s foot with some success. 50% of the solutions of tea tree oil successfully treated this disease in 64% of the trial members. Put 40 drops of organic tea tree oil to a footbath and dip your feet for 10 minutes. Later, while drying the feet, rub a couple of drops of the oil directly on the affected area. Tea tree oil has properties that will stop the growth in vigorously affected zones and prevent it from spreading to unaffected areas, although tea tree oil can also bring about skin dermatitis in a few people.
Ozonated olive oil: Using ozonated olive oil can likewise help with athlete's foot. Use the glue to swab your spotless, dry feet every morning and night. This will clear up the growth within just two to four days and can be used as a preventive measure against future flare-ups.
Soaking your feet: Soak your feet in two tablespoons of Himalayan Crystal salt and half a glass of organic apple cider vinegar solution and blend it with some warm water. This makes an exceptionally acidic environment in which the parasite cannot live. You can then wipe your feet with a cotton cloth. You can also wipe down the inner parts of shoes to keep the growth from sticking there.
Swab with cotton: Sesame and raw virgin coconut oil have anti-bacterial properties and can be used specifically to the feet. Swab it generously on clean dry feet with a cotton ball twice every day.
Yogurt: Yogurt containing dynamic bacterial organisms is exceptionally successful in battling fungal infections like athlete s foot. The live acidophilus bacteria present in plain yogurt keeps the contagious and bacterial infections in check.
Room for air: A warm and moist environment is bad for fungal infections. Go barefoot when you are not in a damp area, and while going out wear shoes or open-toed shoes. You may not be enthusiastic about flaunting your feet during this condition. However, it might be worthwhile if it means that they will heal faster this way.
Soak your feet in PVPI: Povidone-iodine (PVPI) is usually known by its principle image name, Betadine. It is a medicine used to treat and heal fungal wounds. It is additionally used in skin disease treatments and is a very effective bactericide. It is useful to battle yeasts, molds and parasites, in addition to other things. Soaking your feet in Betadine can help you get rid of athlete s foot.
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Know More About Athlete's Foot!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Know More About Athlete's Foot!
Athlete's foot is a common form of a fungal infection. It most commonly occurs between the toes and is medically known as tinea pedis. The most common cause are sweaty feet which when enclosed inside a tight-fitting shoe for a prolong time leads to this condition. The most common symptom of athlete's foot is a scaly rash which causes itching and burning on your foot. It is a contagious disease and is most commonly spread through towels or clothing of people who have that disease. It can also be spread through the floors which people with athlete's foot walk on. Here is everything you need to know about athlete's foot.


Dirty wet socks inside covered shoes: As mentioned earlier, athlete's foot is a contagious disease which originates from wearing dirty wet socks inside covered shoes.
Infection: You may also get it by coming into contact with an infected person or their towels and/or clothing. Even walking on the same floor as they walk on may cause an infection.

Scaly red rash: There is usually a scaly red rash in between the toes when you have athlete's foot.
Itching: There will be severe itching throughout the persistence of this disease especially when you first take off your shoes.
Blisters and ulcers: This is not a very common symptom of athlete's foot. However, blisters and ulcers do occur on certain types of athlete's foot.
Chronic dryness and scaling: This occurs on the soles of the feet and then slowly starts spreading upwards. These symptoms only occur on the type of athlete's foot known as moccasin. Due to this, athlete's foot is often mistaken for eczema and sometimes even dry skin.
Spreading to the hand: Athlete's foot always starts in your legs and in some cases spread to your hands as well. The likelihood of athlete's foot spreading to your hand is increased if you scratch or pick at the areas of the foot infected.
There are three stages of treatment and these depend on the severity of the infection.

Over-the-counter medicines: In the first stage of treatment, the doctor will simply prescribe over-the-counter antifungal ointments, sprays or powders.
Prescription medications: In the next stage of treatment, prescription medications need to be applied to your feet.
Antifungal pills: If nothing else works, only then should antifungal pills be prescribed.
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Bunions - How Can Podiatry Help In Its Treatment?

BPTh/BPT, Vasyli Certification
Podiatrist, Mumbai
Bunions - How Can Podiatry Help In Its Treatment?
A bunion is a very common problem in foot related problems or in podiatry. A bunion appears as a bump on the outer side of the big toe. It is a result of a bone abnormality. It misaligns the toes by bending the big toe in the direction of the other toes.

The condition may be painful but sometimes it does not feel any different. However, the resultant misalignment of the toes causes problems in walking. This eventually gets painful. If not treated, the resultant deformity can be permanent.

Causes -

Bunions can be caused by any of the following factors and sometimes, due to unknown reasons:

Genetic condition.

Flat foot.

Excessively flexible ligaments.

Changes in the bone structure.


Wrong footwear.

Excessive pressure on the feet.


Symptoms -

How to figure out that a bunion is forming before it is already present in all its bumpy glory? Here s how:

Noticing inflammation and redness on the outside of the big toe.

A slight change in the direction of the tip of the big toe.

Thickening of skin under the big toe.

Calluses on the second toe.

Foot pain.

Rigidity or pain while moving the big toe.

Diagnosis -

Bunions can be diagnosed visually alone because all the symptoms are very clear and they do not overlap with other conditions. The physical examination will involve sensation around the toes, their mobility, and the intensity of pain.

Blood tests can be conducted to figure out the cause of the bunion, be it arthritis, diabetes, or something else.

X-rays are done to locate the exact stage of the deformity and the condition of the foot bones.

Treatment -

Bunions can be treated surgically. Bunionectomy is the commonest surgical option. It involves removing some parts of the bone or swollen tissues to restore the shape of the toes and feet. Total recovery takes about 8 weeks but the patient can walk on the same day.

However, surgical treatment is still the last resort. Non-surgical podiatric treatment is recommended and usually, it works. Some of the ways include:

Wearing footwear specially made for bunions. It helps ease the pain and prevent further deformity.

Using HAV night splint to stretch the adductor halluces muscle.

Physiotherapy to strengthen the adductor hallucis muscles.

Orthoses to control abnormal movement.

Physician tape to keep the toes in place preventing further misalignment and pain.

Pain relief with acetaminophen is recommended over ibuprofen or naproxen.

Arch support or padding to protect the bunions.

Ice packs and Epsom salt to relieve the inflammation.

Bunions can be cured, but in some cases, the deformity is already permanent. Depending on the progress of the podiatric treatment in combination with lifestyle changes to reduce pressure and pain, surgery may or may not be required.
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Aches & Pains - How Best They Can Be Managed With Exercises?

B.P.T, M.P.T
Physiotherapist, Hyderabad
Aches & Pains - How Best They Can Be Managed With Exercises?
Taking into account the hectic lifestyle we lead, most of us end up suffering from aches and pains. But that does not mean we have to go continue suffering from them. There are plenty of easy exercises that one can follow in order to keep themselves healthy and problem free!

In order to avoid aches and pains, the first thing that a person needs to do is trying to avoid aches and pains is to practice hamstring stretches regularly. What this entails is that he or she needs to lie on the back, raise a leg and hold the back of it with both hands. While it may be called the hamstring stretch and one would probably normally think that the beneficial impact of doing it would be limited to the hamstring, it works quite a bit of special magic which has an ability to ease the pain in the lower back. Now, for an exercise which is so simple, is it not worth it?

Talking about stretches, another form of a stretch happens to be the side stretch. Even this is rather simple and all that needs to be done is to lie on one s side and pull the ankle of the leg which is not in contact with the ground towards the back. While this is being done, the ankle of the lower leg should apply pressure on the thigh.

It may seem that most of the exercises which reduce painfulness are stretches! However, this is not really the case as there is a place for exercises such as the straight leg raise and the like. What exactly is the straight leg raise? Well, it can be done when a person is either in a sitting position or is lying on his or her back. The toes are to be kept pointed upwards and the leg is to be raised. It is to be kept in mind that the challenge of the straight leg raise is that the knee should not be bent, at all.

The terms cat and camel generally refer to members of the animal kingdom. However, jointly, in terms of exercises, the cat and camel is an exercise well worth remembering as it can save the individual quite a lot of pain. All that needs to be done is to alternatively arch one s back towards the floor and the ceiling while resting on one s hands and knees.

While our way of living may come with certain side-effects but it would not be right to say that we are helpless. We need to take charge and make little changes to enjoy a healthy and happy lifestyle.
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Homeopathic Remedies For Fungal Infections In The Body

Homeopathy Doctor, Mumbai
Homeopathic Remedies For Fungal Infections In The Body
There are many kinds of infections that may afflict the body from time to time. While some of them may be dormant conditions that flare up due to environmental factors, there may be others that may occur due to a change in season as well as other causes, including interaction with a carrier of the same infection.

A fungal infection is usually caused by the growth and accumulation of the harmful fungi in a particular part of the body or organ of the body. These kinds of infections may be caused between the toes, thighs, vagina and other areas where we tend to sweat a lot. The hands, feet, nails and the groin region are also quite susceptible to such infection. Let us find out the various ways in which homeopathy can be used in order to treat fungal infections in the body. One must keep in mind that these medicines must only be prescribed by a medical practitioner.

Fungal infection on the feet- The best homeopathic medication for fungal infection on the feet includes petroleum and silicea. These medicines may be used especially if there is a strong odour and excessive sweating. These medicines are good for clearing the infection entirely. Also, they are especially effective for conditions like Athlete s Foot.

Fungal infection in the groin area- If the patient is suffering from a fungal infection in the groin area or around the thighs, like a Jock Itch or any related condition, then medicines like Graphites and Sepia may be prescribed by the doctor. These medicines are especially helpful when there is a great deal of itching along with an outbreak of rashes plus other signs of the infection.

Fungal Infection on the Scalp- There are many kinds of infections that may occur in the scalp of the patient due to excessive sweating as well as other kinds of pollution and exposure to chemicals. Thuja and Kali Sulphuricum may be prescribed for this purpose. It also fights related symptoms like excessive itching of the scalp and sensitivity to touch.

Fungal Infection on the Skin- When the skin suffers from fungal infection which leads to boils, crusting, pus and bleeding, Tellurium, Sepia and Thuja may be recommended by the doctor. These medicines work well if the patient is experiencing severe itching, especially after taking a cold shower or bath.

Fungal Infection in the Mouth- The fungal infection in the mouth may happen due to lack of hydration as well as poor eating habits. In such cases, the doctor may prescribe medicines like Helonias and Borax. These medicines also deal with symptoms like the formation of ulcers or white lesions in the mouth.
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Tinea Corporis - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Tinea Corporis - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!
When skin is infected by a fungus, the resultant infection is called tinea corporis (ringworm). It is most common in athletes and children. The infection may appear on the scalp, beards, groin, in between the toes and other places.


Tinea corporis can be caused by:
1. Skin contact
2. It is contagious, so if you use towels, bed linens and clothes of an infected person, you will get infected too.
3. Touching a pet infected by tinea corporis.

Signs and Symptoms
1. The rash starts as a scant area of red, bumpy pimples and spots. Then the rash forms a ring, with raised, red borders and a clear middle. The border might look scaly.
2. The rash may show up on face, legs, arms or other body areas which are exposed.
3. The area feels itchy. It might also be flaky and dry. You might even experience hair loss in the infected area.

The skin in the area will be gently scraped off and the sample will be collected. Then, the sample will be viewed under a microscope. That will help discerning, which type of fungus is causing the infection.


The following treatment regime must be followed:

1. The skin must be kept dry and clean.
2. Fungal creams are best. Creams that contain miconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole or oxiconazole are excellent for fungal infections.
3. Only apply the cream on clean skin. You can use it twice in a day. Bandaging the infected area is not recommended.
4. To prevent the infection from spreading, wash your towels in warm water and use clean towels every time you bathe. Also, clean the bathroom and wear freshly washed clothes.
5. If pets are infected, treat them as well.

The infection usually goes away under 4 weeks. The infection may branch out to the nails, groin, scalp and feet. Self-care is effective, but if symptoms persist, then do consult a specialist. Ringworms have certain complications, such as scratching the skin too much causes skin infections and other skin disorders, which may need further treatment.
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