Root Canal is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it. Although decades ago, Root Canal Treatment was painful but with dental advances, most people have little if any pain with a root canal. As a matter of fact, the first few days after the root canal, the tooth may be sensitive but doctors usually recommend over-the-counter pain medications. A root canal is usually done by an Endodontist and the Root Canal Procedure begins with a dental X-ray to check the extent of damage. Thereafter, after a local anesthetic, a rubberlike sheet called dental dam is put inside the mouth to keep the tooth clean, protected and free of saliva. Decay is removed and an opening is made through the crown of the tooth to gain access to the pulp chamber. Using small dental instruments, the infected or damaged pulp is removed. After which, the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned. Before permanently filling the root canals, they should be clean of all infection and dried. The tooth is then left open to drain for several days. The final stage of Root Canal Treatment is restoring the tooth. To protect the tooth from future damage, a crown is placed on the tooth. After the root canal, the restored tooth with the new crown should work normally and look cosmetically pleasing. Root Canal Treatment consists of a number of steps that requires several visits to the Dentist.