Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema (DME), cataract, and glaucoma. All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness. Diabetic retinopathy involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision.
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Diabetic retinopathy is detected during a comprehensive dilated eye exam that includes:
• Visual acuity testing.
• Pupil dilation.
• Optical coherence tomography (OCT).
• fluorescein angiogram
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATED?
Early diabetic retinopathy does not require any treatment. For advanced stages, focal laser and scatter laser treatment and vitrectomy may be followed for treating diabetic retinopathy. There are several alternative therapies that show positive results in treatment of diabetic retinopathy
DID YOU KNOW?
Chronically high blood sugar from diabetes is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina, leading to diabetic retinopathy. The retina detects light and converts it to signals sent through the optic nerve to the brain. Diabetic retinopathy can cause blood vessels in the retina to leak fluid or hemorrhage (bleed), distorting vision. In its most advanced stage, new abnormal blood vessels proliferate (increase in number) on the surface of the retina, which can lead to scarring and cell loss in the retina.