The skin derives its color from the pigment melanin. Greater the amount of melanin, darker the complexion. However, in most people, there are patches of skin that are darker than the surroundings. These could be on the face, hands, and neck most commonly. This could be due to excessive sun exposure, ageing, or healing acne. When going out in the sun, ensure you are well protected with sunscreen, sunglasses, a hat/cap, and a scarf.
What are some ways to treat hyperpigmentation?
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Hyperpigmentation is a major cosmetic concern, especially for women. Often, the top layers are affected, and the pigment unevenness is not in the deeper layers. The uneven patches can be very bothersome, and to get rid of them, some options include laser or chemical peel. The top layers are removed off, thereby making way for fresh, new skin to grow. In skin lightening products, again, the skin tone is reduced to make sure it matches the rest of the skin. Hyperpigmentation with ageing can be managed by taking good care of the skin from an early age. cleaning, moisturizing, exfoliation, etc.
What are some disease condition that can produce hyperpigmentation?
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While hyperpigmentation can be a benign condition, it can be dangerous too in some cases. Melasma is due to overexposure to the sun. Dermatitis, whether autoimmune or infectious, vitamin deficiency, hormonal imbalance, medicines can also lead to increased pigmentation. The most dangerous of all, skin cancer, also manifests as hyperpigmentation in the initial stages. Do not ignore pigmentation changes on your skin especially if it continues for a while and seems to be progressing.
All hyperpigmentation needs to be medically treated
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While increased exposure to the sun can be left to run its course for a while, not all skin color changes should be ignored. If the reason is obvious like age spots, unless it is a cosmetic concern, they can be watched for any changes. Reduce sun exposure as much as possible to avoid hyperpigmentation. Sun protection is absolutely essential.
Good skin care helps in prolonging the onset of hyperpigmentation
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The benefits of good skin care measures will be seen in the long run for sure. Keeping the skin clean and clear, reduced chemical usage, copious moisturization, regular exfoliation are all well-proven measures of good skin care. This will ensure the skin goes through a regular clearing process, which will keep it healthy and glowing. As much as possible, use safe skin care products and choose skin care products with care. What works for one person may not work for another so consult your dermatologist to choose the best products suitable for your skin type.