MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Surgeon, Kolkata
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Laparoscopic procedure is preferred for liver cyst treatment.
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Since, draining out fluid from the cyst is not a solid method of liver cyst treatment because the cysts again get filled with fluid after sometime of removal. Instead, removal of cyst wall is considered a preferred method for treating liver cysts. For this, the surgeon may use laparoscopic method that is minimally invasive. The procedure involves cutting two to three small incisions in the abdomen just below the right breast. The wall of the cyst is either removed completely or partially to allow the fluid in the cyst to drain into the abdomen so that it can be removed through the digestive tract.
Polycystic liver disease generally develops along with polycystic ovarian syndrome and its cause has not yet been inferred by researchers.
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Polycystic liver disease is a congenital disorder and is very rare. The cysts are present in clusters that resemble clusters of grapes large or small. If polycystic liver disease is not diagnosed and treated on time they can cause enlargement of the liver resulting in excessive discomfort and swelling of the abdomen. Polycystic liver disease (PLD) normally occurs in people who also have autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
Liver cysts can be caused due to a parasitic infection. The parasite is a tapeworm and the type is
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The Echinococcus species is generally present in the faeces of dogs and sheep. It infects water and food in the open and can in turn infect humans if unclean food or water is ingested. This parasite infects the livers and form several cysts small and large. The larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are mainly responsible for forming cysts in human liver. E. multilocularis can cause symptoms similar to that in liver cancer and cirrhosis.
Which two drugs can be used to treat Echinococcus infection?
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Two benzimidazolic drugs, mebendazole and albendazole, are the only drugs effective against cystic echinococcosis. Albendazole and mebendazole are well tolerated but show different efficacy. Albendazole is significantly more effective than mebendazole in the treatment of echinococcus infection.
Shrinking liver cysts may result in shrinking the liver as a whole.
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Liver cysts usually do not cause too much problem and removal may not be necessary unless they affect function of the liver. Liver or hepatic cysts are basically sacs filled with fluid and are generally benign. The simplest treatment for the cysts is draining the fluid out of the cysts. But this does not have any effect on the liver, although the cysts can again get filled with the fluid after some time.