DM - Nephrology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine
19 years experience
You correctly answered out of 5 questions
What are the most important types of electrolytes for the proper body s functioning?
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These three minerals are essential for proper functioning of the body. Be it for muscles, bones, or brain functioning, they are very critical. Significantly low sodium can even cause convulsions and seizures. All electrolytes circulate in the body via fluids, so drinking enough fluids makes it all the more important. Both high levels and low levels of electrolytes can cause problems with health, so maintaining optimal levels is important. Make sure your body gets the required amount of these major electrolytes. Eating a healthy diet should take care of these daily needs.
What are some possible symptoms of electrolyte and fluid imbalance?
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Whether we realize or not, every action of the human body is controlled by fluids and electrolytes. Most important among these are the muscle functions, with the heart being counted as a muscle too. Incase where there are insufficient electrolytes, there could be serious effects including irregular heartbeat, complete lethargy, and overall muscle weakness. Drinking adequate amount of water and proper food intake ensures your body gets the right fuel to go about its activities on a regular basis.
What are some common causes of electrolyte disorders?
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A person eating a regular diet should generally have adequate levels of electrolytes. However, if a person does not have proper meals, there can be an imbalance. Eating too much processed foods, for instance, could increase sodium levels. A bout of illness with vomiting or diarrhoea can affect fluid and electrolyte balance. Any metabolic disorder like diabetes or hypertension can affect these levels, so it is essential to keep a constant watch. Drink more fluids which contain electrolytes as they will help you recover from the illness and help your body function to its optimal level.
Normal, healthy eating should most often take care of fluid and electrolyte balance.
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These electrolytes are available in regular foods and take care of daily needs. However, in cases where there is any bout of illness, including vomiting or diarrhoea, additional fluids and electrolytes should be included. Even strenuous physical activity requires that muscles are working extra, so electrolytes would be required. When you are out in a physically taxing activity, drink not just fluids but add some electrolyte supplements and see your energy levels soar.
Electrolyte and fluid disorders will disappear on their own.
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Though imbalance in fluids and electrolytes is common, they will always not disappear on their own. If not identified and corrected, they could continue and end up in severe metabolic issues. Increased sodium levels are the cause of hypertension, and identifying at an earlier stage will definitely help. Similarly, with calcium and potassium levels. Treatment can range from simple fluid correction to electrolyte replacement to medications to dialysis. The earlier the electrolyte disorder is identified, the simpler the treatment would be. So, do not ignore small symptoms like bone and muscle weakness.