MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced Endoscopy
You correctly answered out of 5 questions
Can acid reflux disease kill a person?
1 of 5
Though acid reflux itself is not a killer, people suffering from persistent form of this disease over a prolonged period of time have a high risk of developing oesophageal cancer which is a very difficult form of cancer to deal with.
Heartburn is a problem related to the heart.
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Heart burn is a misnomer and does not have anything to do with the heart. Acid reflux affects the oesophagus and causes a burning sensation as the acids travel up the food pipe. A portion of the oesophagus is situated close to the heart. This makes a person feel that the pain and burning sensation is in the heart (pain due to angina also feels similar and is hence confusing to determine the cause).
Which of the following test are used to diagnose acid reflux disease?
3 of 5
Ph monitoring is used by doctors to diagnose acid reflux disease in patients. In this test, a small catheter is passed into the oesophagus through the nose with a sensor on its tip to detect the presence of stomach acids in the oesophagus.
Which of the following parts of the body is primarily responsible for causing acid reflux?
4 of 5
The food after being chewed reaches the stomach through the food pipe (oesophagus). At the junction of this oesophagus and the stomach lies a muscular valve called the lower oesophageal sphincter. This valve works to keep the movement of the food unidirectional and prevent backflow. Stomach has an extremely acidic nature, and when this valve becomes weak the acid flows back into the oesophagus and causes acid reflux.
Pregnancy increases chances of having acid reflux.
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The gradually growing foetus in the uterus increases the pressure in the entire stomach region. This change in pressure causes the stomach acids to be pushed into the oesophagus. Also, the hormonal changes taking place during pregnancy makes the oesophageal muscles more relaxed and allows the backflow of acids.