Veterinary medicine has its roots in ancient Egypt in the Papyrus of Kahun and in Vedic literature, dating as back as 1900 BC. This branch of medicine deals with healing and preventing disorders, diseases and injuries experienced by animals and those who practice it are referred to as veterinarians. Veterinarians not only treat domesticated animals but also treat those living in the wild belonging to any species whatsoever. However, the job of a veterinarian is not just restricted to helping animals; they also help the human society as well by eradicating plagues and other diseases that affect animals and cause harm to human beings. It is interesting to note that veterinary science can be pursued under as well as without professional supervision. Sometimes, a veterinarian can work in coordination with a team of other physicians such as dentists or physiotherapists to treat animals. Most vets operate through their own private clinics or work in animal hospitals and can even work in laboratories if they're conducting a research, and in this case can even work in tandem with epidemiologists to curb and put an end to plagues.
Veterinarians can help in diagnosing as well as treating behavioral and psychological problems in animals. They are experts in treating common ailments that affect animals such as fractures, digestion problems, urinary tract infections etc. They are even licensed to perform surgery, with spaying or neutering of pet dogs and cats being the most common form.
Lybrate offers you the best veterinary services in Patna by ensuring that the vets you consult in case of any problems are well-qualified and well-trained. With Lybrate, you can get access to all these vets in Patna and choose the one who fits all your requirements. Lybrate provides you with detailed information on all the veterinarians Patna has to offer. Above is a list of the best veterinarians in Patna.
A licensed doctor who has had medical training in assessing and interpreting dysfunctions and deformities in animals is called a veterinarian.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT VETERINARIAN?
A veterinarian can be consulted in case an owner suspects a disorder or dysfunction in their pets.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF VETERINARIAN?
A vet specializes in treating cardiovascular, neurological and orthopedic problems of animals.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE VETERINARIAN FOR
A vet can warn their owners about the possibility of potential diseases that they can contract or spread.
DID YOU KNOW?
For proper survival, a bird must regularly eat food that is at least half its own weight.
brushing your dog and oral hygiene
Did you know that regularly brushing your dog's teeth and providing her with a healthy diet and plenty of chew toys can go a long way toward keeping her mouth healthy? Many pooches show signs of gum disease by the time they're four years old because they aren't provided with proper mouth care—and bad breath is often the first sign of a problem. Give your dog regular home checks and follow the tips below, and you'll have a very contented pooch with a dazzling smile. 1. The Breath Test Sniff your dog's breath. Not a field of lilies? That's okay—normal doggie-breath isn't particularly fresh-smelling. However, if his breath is especially offensive and is accompanied by a loss of appetite, vomiting or excessive drinking or urinating, it's a good idea to take your pooch to the vet. 2. Lip Service Once a week, with your dog facing you, lift his lips and examine his gums and teeth. The gums should be pink, not white or red, and should show no signs of swelling. His teeth should be clean, without any brownish tartar. 3. Signs of Oral Disease The following are signs that your dog may have a problem in his mouth or gastrointestinal system and should be checked by a veterinarian: Bad breath Excessive drooling Inflamed gums Tumors in the gums Cysts under the tongue Loose teeth 4. The Lowdown on Tooth Decay Bacteria and plaque-forming foods can cause build-up on a dog's teeth. This can harden into tartar, possibly causing gingivitis, receding gums and tooth loss. One solution? Regular teeth cleanings, of course. 5. Canine Tooth-Brushing Kit Get yourself a toothbrush made especially for canines or a clean piece of soft gauze to wrap around your finger. Ask your vet for a toothpaste made especially for canines or make a paste out of baking soda and water. Never use fluoride with dogs under six months of age—it can interfere with their enamel formation. And please do not use human toothpaste, which can irritate a dog's stomach. Special mouthwash for dogs is also available—ask your vet. 6. Brightening the Pearly Whites Taking these steps will make brushing a lot easier for the both of you: First get your dog used to the idea of having her teeth brushed. Massage her lips with your finger in a circular motion for 30 to 60 seconds once or twice a day for a few weeks. Then move on to her teeth and gums. When your pooch seems comfortable being touched this way, put a little bit of dog-formulated toothpaste or a paste of baking soda and water on her lips to get her used to the taste. Next, introduce a toothbrush designed especially for dogs—it should be smaller than a human toothbrush and have softer bristles. Toothbrushes that you can wear over your finger (or a clean piece of gauze) are also available and allow you to give a nice massage to your dog's gums. Finally, apply the toothpaste to her teeth for a gentle brushing, as in step 7. A veterinary exam beforehand may be helpful to find out if your dog's gums are inflamed. If your dog has mild gingivitis, brushing too hard can hurt her gums. 7. Brushing Technique Yes, there is actually a technique! Place the brush or your gauze-wrapped finger at a 45-degree angle to the teeth and clean in small, circular motions. Work on one area of your dog's mouth at a time, lifting her lip as necessary. The side of the tooth that touches the cheek usually has the most tartar, and giving a final downward stroke can help to remove it. If your dog resists having the inner surfaces of her teeth cleaned, don't fight it—only a small amount of tartar accumulates there. Once you get the technique down, go for a brushing two or three times a week. 8. Know Your Mouth Disorders Getting familiar with the possible mouth problems your dog may encounter will help you determine when it's time to see a vet about treatment: Periodontal disease is a painful infection between the tooth and the gum that can result in tooth loss and spread infection to the rest of the body. Signs are loose teeth, bad breath, tooth pain, sneezing and nasal discharge. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused mainly by accumulation of plaque, tartar and disease-producing bacteria above and below the gum line. Signs include bleeding, red, swollen gums and bad breath. It is reversible with regular teeth cleanings. Halitosis—or bad breath—can be the first sign of a mouth problem and is caused by bacteria growing from food particles caught between the teeth or by gum infection. Regular tooth-brushings are a great solution. Swollen gums develop when tartar builds up and food gets stuck between the teeth. Regularly brushing your dog's teeth at home and getting annual cleanings at the vet can prevent tartar and gingivitis. Proliferating gum disease occurs when the gum grows over the teeth and must be treated to avoid gum infection. An inherited condition common to boxers and bull terriers, it can be treated with antibiotics. Mouth tumors appear as lumps in the gums. Some are malignant and must be surgically removed. Salivary cysts look like large, fluid-filled blisters under the tongue, but can also develop near the corners of the jaw. They require drainage, and the damaged saliva gland must be removed. Canine distemper teeth can occur if a dog had distemper as a puppy. Adult teeth can appear looking eroded and can often decay. As damage is permanent, decayed teeth should be removed by a vet. 9. Chew on This chew toys can satisfy your dog's natural desire to chomp, while making his teeth strong. Gnawing on a chew toy can also help massage his gums and help keep his teeth clean by scraping away soft tartar. Ask your vet to recommend toxin-free rawhide, nylon and rubber chew toys. P.S.: Gnawing also reduces your dog's overall stress level, prevents boredom and gives him an appropriate outlet for his natural need to chew. 10. Diet for Healthy Teeth Ask your vet about a specially formulated dry food that can slow down the formation of plaque and tartar. Also, avoid feeding your dog table scraps, instead giving him treats that are specially formulated to keep canine teeth healthy.