A cardiologist can be defined as a doctor whose area of expertise lies in the field of cardiology, which is concerned with the proper functioning of the heart and the circulatory system. A cardiologist’s duties include diagnosing, managing, treating and preventing diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular health of a patient. Cardiologists have to go through an extensive period of education to come out as certified cardiologists and this includes attending medical school for four years and then going through a three year training period in internal medicine. A certified cardiologist then can either choose to pursue a private practice or work in a private or a government hospital. Their basic job is to analyse the medical history and present symptoms of their patients and recommend tests in order to come up with a definite diagnosis and then proceed with the treatment accordingly. A cardiologist can also check your blood pressure, your pulse rate and your weight to determine if you suffer from a heart disease or not. Although quite a few heart diseases can be diagnosed on the basis of the symptoms you experience, some of them may require additional tests such as an ECG, a blood test or an X-ray. Medicines and lifestyle modifications are usually the treatment methods advocated by cardiologists.
You can go to a cardiologist if you observe any symptoms of a heart disease or suffer from any pre-existing heart disease such as heart failure, cardiac arrest, congenital heart disease, aneurysm, hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy etc.
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A cardiologist is qualified to medically treat cardiovascular dysfunction and if required, refer the patient to cardiac surgeons who are skilled at treating the problems through surgical procedures.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT CARDIOLOGIST?
Disorders of the heart and blood vessels come under the purview of a cardiologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CARDIOLOGIST?
Additional medical testing might be required after which the cardiologist makes an individualized diagnosis of the case and prescribes medication, lifestyle changes and/or surgery.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE CARDIOLOGIST FOR
A cardiologist can also help in disorders of the lung.
DID YOU KNOW?
The prefix 'cardio-' means heart and comes from the Greek word 'kardia' which also means heart.
5 Must-do Lifestyle Changes For a Healthy HEART
Lifestyle is one of the best defences against heart disease. All you need to do to maintain good heart health is to just make simple but significant changes to your lifestyle. By doing so, you end up minimising the risk factors associated with heart disease such as coronary artery disease. The lifestyle changes that you must make for a healthy heart are: 1. Be physically active - Research by Harvard University shows that watching television for 2 hours a day can increase your chances of developing heart disease by 15%. But if you exercise or indulge in some kind of physical activity for about 30 minutes every day, you can significantly improve the health of your heart as any kind of physical activity improves your blood circulation as well as blood pressure. 2. Maintain a healthy body weight - Having a low body weight or a high one can also put you at risk of getting heart disease. For a good heart health, you need to protect it from fatigue and damage. By keeping your weight at an optimum level, your blood circulation, as well as body fluids, end up working efficiently, protecting your heart from unnecessary strain. 3. Have a balanced diet - Foods that are low in calories but high in fibre and nutrients are what your heart needs to stay healthy. A very common cause of heart disease is the consumption of high cholesterol foods like processed meats, desserts, etc. Including seafood like tuna or salmon, whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and lean proteins such as chicken and fish to your diet can reduce your risk of developing heart disease. 4. Manage stress - Stress is another factor that causes you to have poor heart health. To prevent the damaging effect that stress can have on your heart, exercising is what you should do. This is because when you exercise, you release endorphins (brain chemicals that trigger a feel-good feeling in your body), which help in improving your physical and mental makeup. Additionally, exercising has also been found to reduce your chances of dying from a heart attack. 5. Quit smoking - Research reveals that smoking raises your chance of getting heart disease by about 2-4 times. It causes plaque (fatty deposits) to accumulate and harden in your arteries, making your heart to exert itself harder than normal. By kicking the habit, you reduce the strain that is caused to your lungs, thereby to your heart.