Artificial Tears Eye Drop is used to treat the symptoms of dry and/or irritated eyes. Common causes of this condition are windy conditions, excessive use of computers, excessive reading, sunny weather, heating or air conditioning, and certain medications. It functions as an eye lubricant, keeping your eyes moist. This helps to protect the eye from infections and probable injuries, and alleviates the symptoms of dry eye syndrome, such as itching, burning, or the feeling that there is something in your eye.
This medicine is available in the form of eye drops and ointments for topical application. While using this medicine, do as directed by your doctor. It may be best to use the ointment before you go to bed, while you can use the eye drops as many times as you require during the day. The adverse effects caused by this medicine are usually temporary, and include blurred vision, and a burning or stinging or an irritating sensation in the eyes. If these symptoms persist, immediately inform your doctor. Also consult your doctor if you develop redness in your eyes, or if the initial adverse effects appear to persist. This medicine may be harmful if swallowed. Keep it away from children.
PMS or Premenstrual Syndrome occurs in many females a day or week before monthly menstruation. However, its cause is still unclear, but it is linked with rise in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone during luteal phase of menstrual cycle of 28 days. It is characterized by moodiness, bloating, food craving, weight gain fatigue, breast tenderness, mild to severe headache, acne, crying for no reasons, change in sex drive, sleep pattern. In most cases PMS is manageable and often taken as normal disturbance associated with menstruation. In certain cases, it needs clinical call. PMS symptoms sometimes overlaps with other health issues such as depression, anxiety disorder, diabetes, thyroid, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue, dysmenorrheal, endometriosis.
PMS may also be aggravated by exposure of the body by xenobiotics and endocrine disruptors compounds (EDC). EDC are common in today’s’ world when environmental is loaded with like plastics, pollution, paraben, bromides, antibiotics, cosmetics, plastics and wide range of chemicals in food chain, travels, household cleaner, radiation etc. Hormones particularly the female hormones more sensitive to EDCs thus they are at high risk of hormone imbalance and associated health problems including PMS.
Excessive consumption of salt, sugar and alcohol worsen symptoms of PMS. A lady tends to crave for sugar-laden foods. It is a manifestation of the body’s attempt to increase serotonin level which is neurotransmitter responsible to improve mood and relaxation. Increased consumption of foods rich tend to cause spike in insulin level and water retention in the body. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also associated with intense symptoms of PMS.
Foods like banana, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, milk, spinach, broccoli, cardamom, and beet, green leafy vegetables before and during periods support good health and reduce the risk of symptoms of PMS like bloating, irritability, moodiness, breast tenderness.
Nutritionally, B vitamins particularly vitamin thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12, and the vitamin C, E, D and among minerals like calcium, magnesium and potassium are crucial in reducing the PMS symptoms. Food should also contain high protein and high fibre content. These nutrients help to synthesize and secretion of adequate amount of hormones and neurotransmitters such as serotonin, GABA and other compounds. Further Exercise helps to improve mood and reduce lethargy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) helps to reduce the problematic thoughts and behaviour which are common during PMS.
A meniscal tear is a typical injury occurring in the knee. The meniscus resembles a C-shaped plate (cartilage) that is rubbery in nature and pads your knee. Every knee contains two menisci, one each at the external and internal edge. The menisci helps in keeping your knee firm by adjusting your weight over the joint. A torn meniscus could keep your knee from working properly.
A meniscal tear is typically brought about by turning or twisting immediately, usually with the knee being twisted while the foot is firmly fixed. Meniscus tears occur in case one lifts heavy objects or during playing or other physical sports. The meniscus gets worn as you grow older. This can damage all the more effortlessly.
The symptoms of meniscal tears include:
Although there might not be much pain initially, but as the inflammation occurs, severe pain will be felt. A thorough examination would be conducted by the doctor where he would evaluate your injury and details of the x-rays. In severe cases, MRI scans might be required.
Details about the location and size of the tear would affect the treatment. In case the tear is small, the outer portion of the meniscus, also known as the 'red zone' is capable of healing itself on account of its healthy power supply. On the other hand, the 'white zone' which consists of the inner two-third part of the meniscus does not have a good supply, thus rendering the tear occurring in this region is incapable of healing by themselves.
Surgery is not required for all meniscal tears. Nonsurgical treatment is sufficient if the knee is stable and non locking. Recovery can be sped up by performing the following actions on the knee:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
If you like your food sweet, but worry about calories at the same time, chances are you are leaning towards artificial sweeteners to solve your dilemma. The market is flooded with artificial sweeteners, so how do you choose one? And what are their pros and cons?
Besides weight control, artificial sweeteners are also used by people suffering from diabetes. But there is a debate as to how safe artificial sweeteners are, for normal people and diabetics alike.
You get multiple choices from aspartame to sucralose, present in stores. However, it is better to be educated about their benefits and disadvantages.
The pros and cons of most popular sweeteners are as follows:
1. Saccharin: This sugar substitute has been in the market for the longest.
a) It has zero calories
b) It does not elevate the levels of blood sugar
c) 200-700 times sweeter than normal sugar
a) It is a possible carcinogen (substances that cause cancer)
b) There is also the danger of saccharin acting as an allergen (substances that cause allergy)
2. Aspartame: It is the most commonly used sugar substitute. Almost all the food items that boast of being sugar-free have aspartame in them.
3. Sucralose: This sugar substitute is derived from sugar itself. It is gradually becoming the most popularly used sweetener as it is found in almost all cooked or baked foods.
a) It is heat resistant, so it is used liberally in cooking and baking
b) It has very few calories
a) Weight gain is still possible
b) It has chlorine in it, which is a carcinogen
4. Neotame: This is a new invention and is chemically related to aspartame.
a) 7000 -13000 times sweeter than common sugar with zero calories
b) Apparently, it is safe for consumption for teens, children and even for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
a) There isn't enough research done on Neotame, therefore very little is known about it
b) Since its chemical composition is closer to aspartame, there is much controversy about "neotame" affecting people the same way as aspartame
To avoid dragging the toes, people with foot drop may lift their kneehigher than normal. Or they may swing their leg in a wide arc.
Foot drop can happen to one foot or both feet at the same time. It can strike at any age.In general, foot drop stems fromweakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift the foot. It can have many different causes. Treatments for foot drop vary according to the cause. Most common causes and treatments for foot drop.
What causes foot drop?
Here's some more detail on these causes:
Nerve injury. Most commonly, foot drop is caused by an injury to the peroneal nerve. The peroneal nerve is a branch of the sciatic nerve that wraps from the back of the knee to the front of the shin. Because it sits very close to the surface, it may be damaged easily.
An injury to the peroneal nerve may also be associated with pain or numbness along the shin or the top of the foot.
Some common ways the peroneal nerve is damaged or compressed include:
How do doctors treat foot drop?
Treatment for foot drop will depend on the cause. Early treatment may improve chances of recovery.
Treatments may include:
Foot drop, sometimes called" drop foot" is the inability to lift the front part of the foot. This causes the toes to drag along the ground while walking.To avoid dragging the toes, people with foot drop may lift their kneehigher than normal. Or they may swing their leg in a wide arc.Foot drop can happen to one foot or both feet at the same time. It can strike at any age.In general, foot drop stems fromweakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift the foot. It can have many different causes. Treatments for foot drop vary according to the cause. Most common causes and treatments for foot drop.
Rotator cuff is the name given to four muscles and their tendons, which keep your arms in your shoulder sockets, allowing you to lift your arms and do day-to-day stuff like combing your hair, cutting vegetables etc.
The shoulder joint is a very important joint of the body and this is why any tear that happens in the rotator cuff can be devastating.
Tears can happen in rotator cuff due to a number of factors like injury and degeneration due to age. Tears that happen due to an injury to the shoulder are called acute. Degenerative tears are tears that happen due to degeneration of the tendon over time.
Common causes of degeneration are lack of proper blood circulation, which impedes the rotator cuff’s ability to repair itself. Repetitive stress is another cause where we stress the tendon by repeating the same shoulder motions again and again while playing games like tennis, cricket etc. and doing jobs that require us to extend our arms upwards a lot. Lifting heavy objects can also lead to tears.
Chronic shoulder and arm pain are good reasons for you to see your doctor. If you suffer from pain in your shoulder at rest, while sleeping on the affected shoulder or pain while lifting and lowering your arm, then there is no time to wait.
The doctor will do a physical examination by moving your arm in different directions. He may follow it up with X-rays and MRI to check how big the tear is in your rotator cuff.
Once confirmed that you indeed have a rotator cuff tear, your doctor will start the treatment. The goal of any treatment is to reduce pain and make your shoulder joint work properly again.
Nonsurgical treatments include rest, using of a sling to protect the shoulder and modifying your daily activities. This means you may not be able to do activities that cause shoulder pain. Your doctor can also prescribe pain and anti-inflammatory medicines. Strengthening and physical therapy bring up the rear of this type of treatment.
What you must remember is that nonsurgical treatment relieves pain and improves function in the shoulder, but does not improve shoulder strength. The size of your tear may also increase over time.
Surgery, which attaches the rotator cuff to your bone, is done if you suffer from continuous pain and symptoms over a year or so. If you have a large tear, conservative treatments will not work and surgery will have to be resorted to.
If you have been suffering from chronic shoulder or arm pain, waiting and watching is definitely not an option. You must visit an orthopedic surgeon at the earliest. Remember, if treatment is not started soon enough, your rotator cuff tear will get larger and will require only surgery. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!