Diabetes is often referred by doctors as diabetes mellitus which is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry.
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
Doctors can determine whether a patient has a normal metabolism, prediabetes or diabetes in one of three different ways - there are three possible tests:
• The A1C test
• The FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test
• The OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
Diabetes usually lasts a lifetime, however, some people have managed to get rid of their symptoms without medication, through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control. Regular insulin injections are recommended for certain cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hospitalisation may be required for very severe cases.
Diabetes is one of the most chronic disease in the world. From all walks of life, young or old – for people living the disease, diabetes is always at the vanguard of their minds. It is often referred as diabetes mellitus, in which there is high glucose (blood sugar levels) over a drawn out period. Patients with high blood sugar level will typically face frequent urination (polyuria), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is caused due to the fact that either the pancreas are not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body are not reacting to the insulin produced. Sometimes your body doesn't make much insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should work. The Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood sugar levels get high and cause diabetes or prediabetes.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.
Signs & Symptoms of diabetes:
• Being very thirsty
• Urinating often
• Feeling very hungry
• Weight loss
• Sores that heal slowly
• Itchy & dry skin
• Feelings of pins or needles in feet
• Blurry eyesight
To prevent Diabetes Mellitus (DM), changes in the dietary routine are highly recommended. It includes the maintenance of a diet rich whole fiber and grains and the polyunsaturated fats found in nuts, vegetable oils, and fish. Reducing sugary refreshments and eating less red meat and different sources of immersing fat can likewise anticipate diabetes. Active smoking is additionally connected with an expanded danger of diabetes mellitus. Therefore, reduction in smoking is advised.
Being a chronic disease, except in very particular situations, there is no known cure for diabetes. Management of diabetes focusing on keeping normal blood sugar levels without bringing on the lower sugar blood level. This can more than not be achieved with a sound eating routine, exercise, weight reduction & utilization of proper drugs.
It’s a disease with a course that can be predicted and given due medical attention to and even treated if you listen to your doctor. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners in Pune, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about diabetes and its associated conditions.