The medical name for blood in the urine is haematuria. The blood will have come from somewhere within the urinary tract – the kidneys, bladder or the tubes that urine passes through. It is often the result of a urinary tract infection (UTI), such as cystitis.
HOW IS BLOOD IN URINE DIAGNOSED?
The general physician will find out details of medical history and for men, this may include a rectal examination and women may have a vaginal examination. The patient will be referred to a hospital urology or nephrology department, or a specialist haematuria clinic, for further tests to identify the cause of your symptoms. Tests used for the diagnosis of blood in urine may include a CT scan, cystoscopy, ultrasound, IVP, MRI, urine culture, and urine cytology.
HOW IS BLOOD IN URINE TREATED?
Usually, no treatment is required unless a serious condition is causing the bleeding. The treatment depends on the underlying cause of the problem. Follow up urine tests, blood pressure monitoring every three to six months, especially if there is risk for bladder cancer, (such as being age 50 or older, smoking cigarettes, or exposure to certain industrial chemicals), can be done.
DID YOU KNOW?
Drinking plenty of fluids can prevent the causes of this disease.