A cardiologist can be defined as a doctor whose area of expertise lies in the field of cardiology, which is concerned with the proper functioning of the heart and the circulatory system. A cardiologist’s duties include diagnosing, managing, treating and preventing diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular health of a patient. Cardiologists have to go through an extensive period of education to come out as certified cardiologists and this includes attending medical school for four years and then going through a three year training period in internal medicine. A certified cardiologist then can either choose to pursue a private practice or work in a private or a government hospital. Their basic job is to analyse the medical history and present symptoms of their patients and recommend tests in order to come up with a definite diagnosis and then proceed with the treatment accordingly. A cardiologist can also check your blood pressure, your pulse rate and your weight to determine if you suffer from a heart disease or not. Although quite a few heart diseases can be diagnosed on the basis of the symptoms you experience, some of them may require additional tests such as an ECG, a blood test or an X-ray. Medicines and lifestyle modifications are usually the treatment methods advocated by cardiologists.
You can go to a cardiologist if you observe any symptoms of a heart disease or suffer from any pre-existing heart disease such as heart failure, cardiac arrest, congenital heart disease, aneurysm, hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy etc.
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A cardiologist can be specialized in various branches of the field, such as pediatric cardiology, adult clinical cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, etc.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT CARDIOLOGIST?
Chest pain, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, shortness of breath, and pain or numbness in the arms, legs, neck, jaw, etc can be treated by a cardiologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CARDIOLOGIST?
Additional medical testing might be required after which the cardiologist makes an individualized diagnosis of the case and prescribes medication, lifestyle changes and/or surgery.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE CARDIOLOGIST FOR
Cardiologists are also adept at recognizing cerebral disorders that originate from the vascular system.
DID YOU KNOW?
The bigger the heart, the slower the heart rate.
What Causes Sudden CARDIAC DEATH?
Sudden cardiac death occurs when your heart stops functioning unexpectedly and suddenly. When this happens if you experience sudden cardiac arrest and blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. Sudden cardiac arrest usually results in death if it is not treated within minutes. Occurring during a heart attack, the sudden cardiac arrest should not be mistaken for a heart attack. The immediate cause of sudden cardiac arrest is usually an abnormality in your heart rhythm, which is the result of a problem with your heart's electrical system. Your heart has its own electrical stimulator, which is a specialized group of cells called the sinus node located in the upper right chamber of your heart. The sinus node generates electrical impulses that flow in an orderly manner through your heart to synchronize heart rate and coordinate the pumping of blood from your heart to rest of your body. If something goes wrong with the flow of these electric impulses through your heart, a condition known as arrhythmia occurs, causing your heart to beat too fast or too slow or in an irregular manner. Often these interruptions in rhythm are momentary and harmless. But if it is severe it can lead to a sudden stop in heart function. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common life threatening arrhythmia which is the uncontrolled twitching or quivering of muscle fibers. It must be treated immediately to save a person's life. It can be treated by delivering a quick electric shock through the chest. Risk Factors: There are many risk factors that increase the risk of sudden cardiac death including the history of previous heart attacks, coronary artery disease, smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.