Joint Replacement surgery is usually the last line of treatment that will be suggested by the orthopedic, when all other treatments like physical therapy and medications have not helped the patient. Joint replacement surgery is a highly effective way of eliminating joint pain, correcting a deformity, and helping improve the patient's mobility (movement). People who are considered for joint replacement surgery often have severe joint pain, stiffness, limping, muscle weakness, limited motion, and swelling. Joint replacement surgery is also performed to treat advanced arthritis. Many factors tend to affect the joints that bind the bones like accident, age, other conditions, and arthritis. Joint replacement treatment is designed to replace the damaged cartilage and bone losses. During the procedure, the damaged joint is resurfaced, and the patient's muscles and ligaments are used for support and function. The prosthesis, which is usually made of titanium, Stainless steel or plastic, is then attached to the bone using acrylic cement. In some cases, this can be done with a press fit where the prosthesis attaches to the bones. The most common joints treated using Joint replacement surgeries are the Hips, knees, and shoulders. Thanks to the advancement in medical fields, these surgeries are performed painlessly and effectively and the replacement lasts for many years. The patient requires minimum time in the hospital and post the operation once the recovery sets in Joint Replacement Rehabilitation techniques like physiotherapy are imparted to the patient.
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