A heart attack is the worst possible heart related condition which happens all of a sudden. If an individual is experiencing a heart attack, that means that there is some kind of a hindrance in the blood flow process which happens to and fro from the heart’s blood pumping chambers. A heart attack is also known as a myocardial infarction, which is fatal in most cases and it often leads to death of the concerned person. Common heart attack symptoms include: abnormal chest pressure, nausea, indigestion, heartburn/ abdominal pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, sudden dizziness, and such others.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK DIAGNOSED?
About 50% of deaths occur within one hour of the heart attack outside a hospital.
Heart Attacks are caused when there is no supply of blood to the heart muscle. When supply of blood to heart muscle stops, it dies, a scar is formed within the heart tissue and this scar takes a long time to heal. In some people the scar does not heal at all. The supply of blood to heart is stopped because of a clot in the coronary artery – the one that supplies blood to the heart.
Heart attack symptoms include:
• Chest pain which may range from a mild discomfort to an unbearable pain.
• Pain may also exist in arms, jaw, stomach or even back.
• Some people may feel heartburn, others may have nausea or vomiting.
• Shortness of breath is another symptom.
Coronary heart disease is the cause of heart attack. Coronary heart disease means the arteries supplying blood to the heart gets blocked because of plaque build up. Plaque slowly builds up in the arteries because of cholesterol, sometimes plaque build up is because of the tooth plaque getting deposited in the arteries.
Any person suffering from heart attack requires immediate medical help. Once you call the ambulance, primary care is given to the patient. Primary care involves Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PPCI) when the blocked artery is reopened and the blood to the heart muscle is restored. Another primary care that is given to the patient is thrombolysis where a medicine is injected into the blood that dissolves any clot in the coronary artery and allows free flow of blood. For some people both these methods do not work and hence they are not given these two treatments.
As rightly said prevention is better than cure, hence it is better to prevent heart attack rather than suffer from it. A healthy lifestyle involving exercise, good diet and a stress free life can eliminate the chances of heart attack from your life. Those who are obese should try to reduce and maintain a healthy weight.
Once a person gets a heart attack there is chance of suffering another heart attack. The reason is other coronary arteries are likely to develop plaque and blockage. To prevent further events of heart attack doctors may prescribe medicines which lowers cholesterol, prevents plaques and blood clots.
Anyone who has suffered a heart attack should follow some lifestyle changes to ensure that he does not suffer another event of a heart attack. This involves lowering blood cholesterol, blood sugar and blood pressure. Smokers and drinkers should avoid smoking and drinking as the risk of getting heart attack is high among this group.
Although all of us pray that we should not get a heart attack it is better to visit the doctor and get a heart health check up done. Health check up is very essential for those above 40 years of age. Lybrate has a list of cardiologists who can provide the best tips for those with heart problems. Any city, any town Lybrate has the contact details of cardiologists who can provide the best advice and treatment for heart problems. If any of your near or dear ones suffer from heart attack then contact the cardiologist immediately to get help. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Vadodara, Visakhapatnam, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad.