When you visit your dentist for the treatment of loose or sensitive tooth, bleeding gums, tenderness of gums and tissue, longer appearing teeth or receding gums, then you will have to undergo a thorough gum treatment process. Your dentist would talk to you about the risk factors and determine the underlying conditions which may have caused the gum disease. He will examine the condition of your gums to detect whether there is any sign of inflammation. He would also use a probe, which is a small ruler to check as well as measure the pockets. If your mouth is healthy, then these pockets would measure about 1 to 3 millimeters. The primary objective of the treatment is to control the gum infection. The type and duration of the treatment are dependent on the intensity of the infection. The dentist removes the plaque and tartar through deep cleaning methods like scaling or root planing. Scaling refers to scraping off the tartar from the top surface and beneath the gum line while root planing helps to eliminate the rough spots on the root of the teeth where the germs accumulate and fend off the bacteria that have caused the periodontal disease. In certain instances, a laser can be used for the removal of plaque and tartar. This process is widely accepted by dentists and patients alike as it results in less swelling, bleeding, and pain when compared to the traditional deep cleaning processes.
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