Merkel Cell Carcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer that appears as a flesh coloured or a bluish-red nodule on the neck, face or head. Merkel Cell Carcinoma is also referred to as neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. The characteristic symptom is appearance of a fast growing, painless nodule on skin of areas like neck, head or face.
HOW IS MERKEL CELL CARCINOMA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by usually doing a tissue test or biopsy to check for malignant cells. PET and Sentinel node biopsy is usually done.
HOW IS MERKEL CELL CARCINOMA TREATED?
Treatments for Merkel cell carcinoma can include:
• Surgery. During surgery, the doctor removes the tumor along with a border of normal skin surrounding the tumor.
• Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy involves directing high-energy beams, such as X-rays, at cancer cells.
• Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be administered through a vein in the arm or taken as a pill or both.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disorder develops in older people who have a weak immune system and have been exposed to the sun for long periods of time.