Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition in which the heart muscle known as myocardium becomes thicker than normal. While many Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy patients are symptomatic, few are asymptomatic. Few common symptoms of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy include shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, high blood pressure or heart palpitations. While the most common cause of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is ageing and high blood pressure, in many cases, it is difficult to fathom the symptoms.
HOW IS HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is done by a cardiology expert who would Transthoracic echocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiogram, Electrocardiogram (ECG) and also the treadmill test along with genetic screening and CT scan or MRI.
HOW IS HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY TREATED?
Treatment is aimed at minimizing or preventing symptoms and reducing the risk of complications, such as heart failure and sudden cardiac death. It includes risk identification and regular follow-up, lifestyle changes, medications, and other procedures as needed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy goes undiagnosed in most patients as they might not experience any symptoms.