Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis is a rare genetic condition that causes a person to have bouts of muscle weakness or temporary paralysis. Also known as Gamstorp Disease, Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis is an inherited disease and people can pass on the defective gene without experiencing any symptoms. Some of the common signs of Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis include irregular heartbeat, permanent weakness, immobility, muscle stiffness, weakness of a limb, and partial paralysis.
HOW IS HYPERKALEMIC PERIODIC PARALYSIS DIAGNOSED?
General physician may diagnose Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis based on the symptoms and family history. A potassium test during an attack provides evidence of the disease. Other tests are echocardiogram, electromyography and muscle biopsy.
HOW IS HYPERKALEMIC PERIODIC PARALYSIS TREATED?
The goal of treatment of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis focuses on preventing further attacks. In case irregular heartbeats appear during an attack, emergency treatment may be needed. Muscle weakness increases with frequent attacks, so treatment to prevent further attacks is essential. Severity of symptoms may be reduced by administering glucose or other carbohydrates. Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis responds well to treatment and may disappear fully in some cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
While Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis is mostly associated with horses, but it occurs in humans, too, and there is no cure for Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis.