It is said that at least one in 250 children will end up with cataract formation before birth or during early childhood. A cataract is born from an excess protein layer that coats the lens of the eye and gives rise to symptoms like blurry vision, near sightedness, difficulties in colour recognition and double vision.
HOW IS CATARACTS IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
When you notice rapid wobbling of eyes in your baby or loss of focus, you should get a complete eye examination. In the field of ophthalmology, there are various techniques such as pupil dilation to identify the cataract.
HOW IS CATARACTS IN CHILDREN TREATED?
The treatment involves surgical removal of a cataract in an infant or child which is done under general anesthesia using an operating microscope. Once the cataract has been removed, focusing power may be restored by using contact lenses, intraocular lenses or glasses.
DID YOU KNOW?
In babies, vision develops very quickly in the first few weeks. If cataract is not treated during this time, the baby will have difficulty in vision even if a surgery is performed later in life because the brain develops that way.