Aspergillosis is a broad category of diseases caused by infection caused by Aspergillus fungi. The air we breathe contains spores of Aspergillus fungi, but does not cause infection. It affects those with low immunity, allergies and damaged lungs. Most common form of Aspergillosis is chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Symptoms for lung aspergillosis are repeated coughing of blood, chest pain and rare but severe bleeding leading to death. Aspergillosis that gets into the bloodstream may cause damage to multiple organs, leading to death. Aspergillosis of the ear may cause itching and draining of fluid, and aspergillosis of the sinuses leads to congestion and pain.
HOW IS ASPERGILLOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A specialist in the pulmonary department or a general physician can insert an instrument to extract a sample from the lungs to study the fluids in a biopsy for fungal testing. Also, blood and urine samples can be collected and tested for effective diagnosis. Chest X rays and CT Scans of the lungs can also determine the presence of the infection.
HOW IS ASPERGILLOSIS TREATED?
The treatment involves antifungal medications which are used for all illness. Oral or intravenous drugs such as voriconazole can treat the invasive type of aspergillosis. When the fungus causes infection in the heart a surgery is recommended to remove the fungus. Antifungal medicines are prescribed after the surgery.