The term Spina Bifida is used for defining a neurological problem that happens in babies because of problems with the neural tube. The problem is usually mild and symptoms include a small dimple on the back along with a birthmark or even a hairy kind of patch. Some kids would notice a numb sensation on their legs and could have fluid build up in the brain followed with bladder issues.
HOW IS SPINA BIFIDA DIAGNOSED?
Prenatal blood tests and ultrasounds are conducted to diagnose Spina Bifida in the fetus. If the blood test shows high levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), the neurosurgeon may perform amniocentesis.
HOW IS SPINA BIFIDA TREATED?
Spina Bifida involves surgery to put the meninges back in place and close the opening in the vertebrae. Spina Bifida also requires surgery, usually within 24 to 48 hours after birth. Prenatal surgery - which takes place before the 26th week of pregnancy — surgeons expose a pregnant mother's uterus surgically, open the uterus and repair the baby's spinal cord.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cesarean birth may be part of the treatment for spina bifida. Many babies with Spina Bifida tend to be in a feet-first (breech) position. If your baby is in this position or if your doctor has detected a large cyst, cesarean birth may be a safer way to deliver your baby.