A highly contagious and viral disease, Yellow Fever is categorized with high fever, chills in different parts of the body, pain in the abdominal area and also yellow skin. This is a disease that starts off in the liver and has symptoms quite similar to that of jaundice, which is why the name yellow fever is given. There can also be yellow urine and change of skin color here.
HOW IS YELLOW FEVER DIAGNOSED?
General physician may order for blood tests if he suspects Yellow Fever. He may enquire about recent travel where you could have contracted the disease.
HOW IS YELLOW FEVER TREATED?
No specific treatments have been found to benefit patients with yellow fever. Whenever possible, yellow fever patients should be hospitalized for supportive care and close observation. Treatment is symptomatic. Rest, fluids, and use of pain relievers and medication to reduce fever may relieve symptoms of aching and fever. Care should be taken to avoid certain medications, such as aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. ibuprofen, naproxen), which may increase the risk of bleeding. Yellow fever patients should be protected from further mosquito exposure (staying indoors and/or under a mosquito net) for up to 5 days after the onset of fever. This way, yellow fever virus in their bloodstream will be unavailable to uninfected mosquitoes, thus breaking the transmission cycle and reducing risk to the persons around them.
DID YOU KNOW?
Vaccination is the most important means of preventing yellow fever. In high-risk areas where vaccination coverage is low, prompt recognition and control of outbreaks using mass immunization is critical for preventing epidemics. It is important to vaccinate most (80 % or more) of the population at risk to prevent transmission in a region with a yellow fever outbreak.