Cleft lip and cleft palate are facial and oral malformations that occur very early in pregnancy, while the baby is developing inside the mother. Cleft lip is caused as there is not enough tissue in the mouth or lip area, and the tissue that is available does not join together properly. A cleft lip treatment may require one or two surgeries depending on the extent of the repair needed. The initial surgery is usually performed by the time a baby is 3 months old. A cosmetologist should be consulted for the repair of a cleft palate. Since the cleft lip also affects the nose and throat an ENT specialist will also evaluate the child and decide if the surgery can be performed and the number of procedures that would be required. The surgery would be performed under general anaesthesia. The initial surgery will create a functional palate. The surgeon will make an incision on either side of the mouth to the nostrils, turn the outer portion of the cleft down and pull the muscle and skin to close the gap. The benefits of this surgery will ensure normal speech, close the oronasal fistulas and minimize the alteration in the maxillary growth. Surgical repair corrects the defect, preventing future problems with breathing, speaking, and eating, and improving the person's physical appearance. Additional surgeries may be performed to improve the appearance of the lip and nose, close openings between the mouth and nose, help breathing, and stabilize and realign the jaw.