A pediatrician is a physician who is responsible for managing your child's health right from physical to mental health problems. He has all the education and knowledge to treat different illnesses in children that may range from minor health issues to chronic to inborn health problems and hence an expert in child therapy. The specialist doctor can conduct physical tests, give proper vaccinations, ensure that your child is able to meet all the challenges and hurdles that he or she is due to face and diagnose all sorts of illnesses, injuries and other allied health problems. The pediatrician would give the parents all necessary information regarding how the child is doing and answer to all the queries made by the parents. In some cases, the problems that your child is going through are beyond the understanding of the pediatrician or he feels that your child needs additional care and then he may refer your child to a specialist who can treat your child better. The child and adolescent problems treatment educates the child as well as the parent about how to deal with various issues faced by the children. The role of a pediatrician is inevitable right from the child's birth and it can only be emphasised more during the child's adolescent years which may be a roller-coaster ride for the child as well as the parents.