A pulmonologist is a medical practitioner who is specialized in the field of pulmonology. Pulmonology involves the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that affect the lungs. Pulmonology is regarded as an internal medicine subspecialty and it is incomplete without sufficient knowledge of internal medicine and other subspecialties. The discipline is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases attacking the respiratory system, including the lungs, upper airways, thoracic cavity and chest wall. At the wake of a complication in the identification of pulmonary condition, pulmonologists are consulted. They often become a part of specialized pulmonary medicine practices and partake in multidisciplinary group activity. Other practitioners often seek counsel from pulmonologists. Pulmonologists are entrusted with the task of overseeing intensive care units owing to their expertise in respiratory troubles and complicated procedures like mechanical ventilation. They go through training in critical care medicine along with pulmonary medicine so as to handle critical cases effectively. They are often called intensivists for playing this dual role. They treat structural, infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic disorders affecting the lung cavity, lung parenchyma, pleura and airways. Occupational and environmental causes of respiratory disorders are often addressed and prevented by pulmonologists. Commonly tackled diseases include asthma, COPD, lung cancer, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis etc. Pulmonologists also specialize on sleep-disordered breathing (like sleep apnea) and suggest efficacious treatment and diagnosis. Lybrate makes sure that you get to contact skilled pulmonary specialists in Aligarh who will provide solutions to your problems. Rigid guidelines and stringent screening is employed in the selection of specialists whom we recommend. Subscribe to Lybrate and reach out to the best pulmonologists in Aligarh. A number of qualified pulmonologists in Aligarh are provided below.
A physician who possesses specialized knowledge and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary conditions and diseases.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT PULMONOLOGIST?
Tuberculosis can be treated by consulting a pulmonologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF PULMONOLOGIST?
In case of severe heart and lung diseases surgical operations are performed by thoracic surgeon.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE PULMONOLOGIST FOR
A pulmonologist can also treat coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract resulting from inhaling a foreign body.
DID YOU KNOW?
The term pulmonology is derived from the Latin word 'pulmo' meaning lungs and from the Greek word 'logia'.
Are You at a Higher Risk of Developing TB?
TB is a major health problem in India, with nearly 12 lakh people getting diagnosed with the disease each year. The fact that more than one-third of the cases of TB remain undiagnosed, or are diagnosed but proper treatment is not opted for, makes it even more difficult to deal with the disease. Moreover, the TB bacilli, which causes the disease is present in its latent form in 40% Indians who possess a high risk of developing TB but do not exhibit any symptoms. Who are prone to TB? Although TB can affect people of any age or physical condition, some people are at a higher risk of developing the disease than others. People who are more prone to TB are: - Anyone with a weak immune system - Small children and elderly people - People suffering from diabetes or detected to be HIV positive - People who have been exposed to immunotherapy or have consumed steroids for a long time What is the classification of TB? TB is curable, but for correct treatment, it is necessary to diagnose the type of the disease correctly. TB can be broadly classified into the following types: General TB: In this type of TB, the bacilli show sensitivity to most drugs required for treating the disease. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): In this form of the condition, the bacilli show resistance to two major drugs required for treatment of TB, Isoniazid, and Rifampicin. Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB): This type of TB is rarely observed and is caused by a bacilli which show resistance to most drugs including Isoniazid, Rifampicin, any fluoroquinolone and to at least one of three injectable second-line drug - Capreomycin, Kanamycin, and Amikacin. Moreover, TB is also classified in two other forms - primary and secondary. Primary TB is the form, which affects a person who hasn't been previously exposed to the infection; whereas secondary TB refers to the reactivation of the infection in a previously infected person due to decline in health and immune system. What are the treatment options available for TB? Treatment of TB involves intake of certain prescription drugs for about 6 to 9 months. It is strongly recommended that the treatment is continued till the end and the drugs are consumed exactly in the way suggested by the physician. If the intake of drugs is stopped before the requisite period, the condition may relapse; and if the medications are not consumed correctly, the bacteria might develop a resistance to the drugs. Treatment of MDR-TB and XDR-TB is a complicated process as any wrong step might prove to be fatal for the patient. It usually begins by conducting a drug-susceptibility test to identify the drugs to which the bacilli are resistant to. After the test results are revealed, the treatment plan is shaped accordingly and the patient is closely observed throughout the process. Moreover, treatment of drug-resistant TB always includes the use of directly observed therapy (DOT).