I am Dr. Sneh Thadani, Dermatologist. Today I will talk about pigmentation. It is known as the coloring of the skin. It can be when we lose pigment or we gain pigment. When we lose pigment, we get white patches on our skin. he most common disease we see is fungal infection and vitiligo. So, why hyperpigmentation happens? A most common cause is sun exposure because we do not use sun protection. Very simple to use is sunscreen. Sunscreen should be as per the type of your skin. You may have a dry, normal or oily skin. Oily skin patients can use gel-based sunscreen. How to use a sunscreen? It should be used 30 minutes prior to entering to the sun. You only need a teaspoon of the quantity. You have to use sunscreen every 3-4 hours if you are outdoors and once if you are going indoors. Why do you need this because it prevents aging, tanning, burns?
2 types of sunscreen one can use. Physical and chemical. Below 18 years of age, we prescribe physical sunscreen. In adults, chemical sunscreen. How do we treat hyperpigmentation? You need to see a dermatologist understand what type of skin you have. You need to understand that why have you got hyperpigmentation. It can be because of sun, hormones or a lot of other reasons. Understanding the history, then we can jot down your treatment levels. We give sunscreen, hypopigmentation cream. Multivitamins are very essential to protect your skin and resistant towards standing. You also have to understand the importance of a balanced diet and the importance of the consumption of raw food, vegetables, and fruits. If still, you are not feeling positive results, then you can go for chemical peels. Chemical peels are not made of chemical, these are made of fruit acids.
You can go to any reputed Dr to get the treatment through chemical peels. There are types of chemical peels. The superficial, medium depth and deep peels. Indian skin should undergo superficial or very superficial treatments to avoid any complications. The general peel can be done once in 15 days to once a month. We cleanse your face, we understand your skin type, choose a peeling product and then we ask you to go home at wash your face. Chemical peels help with the reduction of pigmentation, increase the glow, hydration, gives you anti-aging and lighter brighter and tighter skin. Next approach is Nd Yag Q-switched laser. This is a very specialized treatment. It is done if the pigmentation is not getting done with any other treatment. So, the laser is the targeted treatment which can be used for freckles, melasma, pigmentation. Understanding of lifestyle and treatment modalities are very essential. Do not take over the counter medications and understand that you have to go to the right doctor.