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Learning Disability

Written and reviewed by
Dr.Milind Barhate 88% (227ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai  •  16years experience
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Hello.

 I am Dr. Milind Barhate, Psychiatrist. Today I will talk about learning disability. Ye kya hai? Bahut se logon ko pata hai learning disability matlab mentally disability. Logon ko lagta hai ki handicap bache. But ye handicap bache nahi hote hain. Nahi mand budhi hote hai. Ye learning disability bahut se bachon mein paayi jaati hai. 100 mein se 5 bachon mein learning disability dekhi jaati hai. Iske alag alag parkar hain. Dyscalculia mein bachon ko maths ke number samajhne mein problem aati hai. Dyslexia mein bachon ko likhne and padne mein problme hoti hai. Shabad pehchan karna mushkil hota hai. Dysgraphia mein bache jo bhi padte likhte hain uska dimag mein graphics thik se nahi banta hai. Next is autism. Is bimari ke bache mand budhi nahi hote hain. Ismein bachon ko learning difficulty hoti hai.

Ye kafi lambi bimari hoti hai. Iska ilaj bhi sambhav hai. Mild, moderate, severe. Next is ADHD. Ismein bache hyperactive hote hain. Bachon ka concentration school mein nahi hota hai. Kafi impulsive hote hain. In bachon ka identification kaise karein. Simple tarika hai. Jaise aap school teacher se puchte hain ki aap ke bache ka progress kaisa hai toh teacher aap ko btate hain. Aam toor mein learning disability kaise jaanein. Agar aap ke bache ko likhne padhne mein difficulty hai toh iska matlab hai ki aap ke bache ko kuch problem ho rahi hai. Agar aap ka bacha B ka D likhe, E ka C likhe toh iska matalb use likhne mein problem hai. Agar bache ko identification mein dikhat aa rahi hai toh iska matalb hai ki vo problem se suffer kar raha hai. Agar aap ke bache ko ek sentence ek line mein likhane nahi aa raha hai toh use learning disability hai. Agar aap ke bache ki school teacher humesha complaint karte hain ki bacha sharata karta hai, ek jagah pe baithta nahi hai and aur bachon ko disturb karta hai.

Same vo neighbors ke sath karta hai, choti choti chizen todta hai, concentrate nahi kar pata hai toh iska matalb aap ke bache ko ADHD ka problem hai. Agar aap apne bache ke teacher se information lenge toh aap ko sahi jankari milegi. Agar aap ko lagta hai ki bache ko learning ka problem hai toh aap ko psychiatrist se milna hai. Kyuki learning disability ki problems jyadatar Drs handle nahi kar paate hain. Bachon ka identification bhi vo nahi kar paate hain. Agar upari kuch bhi bimariyan aap ke bache ko lagati hai toh aap neuropsychiatric ko milein. Normal bachon ko jaise padhate hain, in bachon ko alag tarike se padahaya jaata hai. Bahut bache hyperactive rehte hain toh unke lia occupational therapy use ki jaati hai. Kuch bachon mein sensory integration ka problem hota hai. Jo bache likhte hain and sunte hain, uska process unke dimag mein thik se nahi ho pata hai. Islia sensory auditory therapy unko di jaati hai. Jis se padahayi mein padhne and likhne mein unko help ho. Iske sath mein kuch bachon ko speech ka problem hota hai. Toh speech therapy di jaati hai. Agar aap ke ghar ya najadiki mein koi bhi aisa bacha hai toh psychiatrist se milein. Agar aap ko mujhse consult karna hai toh Lybrate ke through consult karein.

ThankYou.

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