I am Dr. Ashish Sakpal, Psychiatrist, Mumbai. I am also working as a de-addiction specialist at various centres in Mumbai. Today I am going to speak about addiction. Where do we get the addiction word from? Addiction word is driven from the Latin language which actually means to devote, reward or to get. So, the addiction is where people get entangled into. There are different types of addiction. Mainly, addiction can be divided into 2 parts i.e. substance use or behavioral addictions. Substance addiction is like alcohol, cannabis, like usage of some tablets like sleeping pills or over the counter drugs or nail polish remover. These are mainly substances. The other part is behavioral addictions. Like internet addiction, cell phone addiction, shopping addiction, gambling addiction, pornography, video games and also addiction related to eating habits. So, these are different types of addiction which are fairly seen in society. Behavioral addiction is becoming more prominent now because no proper system is looking after them. Now let's understand how addiction affects our brain. Basically, humare brain mein alag alag zones hain
. There is a reward pathway. Jaise hum kabhi kuch achieve karte hain ya fir hum race mein first aaye hain toh humein ek feeling milti hai. Simple terms mein agar hum kahein, ek bulb jal jaata hai. Yahi chiz jab hum koi nasha karte hain. Isliya jitni baar aap nasha karenge utni baar ye bulb jalta hai. Aise aap nashe mein fus jaate hain. Reward pathway is the main thing causes addiction. What are the signs and symptoms of any kind of addiction. The most common symptom when somebody gets more time to the addiction. Jabki humein pata hai ki itna time spend karna humare liya thik nahi hoga. Next thing is craving. Desire hona ek hi chiz mein baar baar jaane ki. Tisri chiz hai social obligation bhulna. Jaise ki school mein jana ya fir ghar ki jimedariyan bhul jana. Next hum withdrawn ho jaate hain. Hum ghar valon se jyada baat nahi karte hain. Social meetings avoid karte hain. Sirf particullarly nashe vale doston se milte hain. Next thing is relationship problems. Whenever somebody is into any kind of addiction or substance, us vajaha se misunderstanding ho jaati hai. Relationship problems hoti hain.
Ghar valon ke sath madbhed ho jaate hain. Next thing is avoid the old hobbies. Kuch log kuch particular chizen avoid karna shuru kar dete hain. The most important is tolerance and withdrawal. Dheere dheere nasha ka time and frequency badhte jana. Jaise jo ek beer peeta tha ab vo 4 beer peeta hai. Vo koi aur type ka nasha karne lagta hai. Jo half an hour internet pe deta tha ab vo pura din internet pe deta hai. This is called as tolerance. Ab withdrawal mein patient ko agar koi particular chiz nahi mili toh patient ko problem hone lag jaati hai. Psychological problem like restless hona. Ghabrahat hona, neend nahi aana, chidchida hona, gussa karna. Physical symptoms jyadatar substance mein dikhte hain jaise haath paon kapna, chakkar aana , vomiting hona. So, what is the management? Ab is nashe ki adat ka kya ilaj ho sakta hai. Sabe pehle humein ye samjhna hai ki particular person is problem mein fassa hua hai. Bohut baari ekha gaya hai ki parents denial mein rehte hain. But jab actual mein pata chalta hai ki person is problem mein hai toh bohut time nikal jata hai. 2nd is hum apne family Dr se consult karen. Pata lagayein ki konsa nasha kar raha hai.
Kya test kar sakte hain. Is nashe ki vajaha se kya problem ho sakte hain health wise. 3rd thing is to consult a de-addiction specialist. They will guide you ki is chiz ka kaise ilaj kar sakte hain. Sabse important hai ki person ko accept karna hai. 2nd is family should not have any notion ki um ilaaj baad mein kara lenge, So, a person can go for detoxification. Is se withdrawal symptoms control honge. Craving control karne ke liya medicines and counseling use kar sakte hain. Aaj kal support therapies available hain. Support group me counseling mein bhi ja sakte hain. Motivational therapy mein bhi jaa sakte hain. Sso, my utmost urge is please understand the addiction and its complications as it is ruining our present and future. So, I am one of the persons who is treating all these addiction. If anyone wants to consult me, they can consult me through Lybrate. They can book an appointment online and come to me.