I am Dr. Neha Poddar, a gynae laparoscopic surgeon. I am going to talk about the introduction to laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is an art in science in which we put in a very fine telescope through patient's body to look in for the abdominal organs and underlying diseases. What was the need of this form of surgery? This is the innate human desire to be minimally harmed surgically. that lead to the foundation of this form of surgery. There are many names attached to it like- Keyhole surgery, Pinhole surgery but the most accepted medical term is minimally invasive surgery. Why is it called so? Because the surgery is done through very very small incision made over patient's abdomen which are 0.5 to 1.5 cm in size as compared to the traditional surgical procedures in which the incisions are like 10 to 15 cm long.
It can be used for diagnostic purposes also and for treatment. There are several advantages attached to it like reduced post operative pain therefore less analgesic requirement to the patient. There is less surgical trauma, less chances of bleeding, there is faster recovery so there is early discharge and early resumption to work. There are less chances of post operative wound, infection and hematoma formation. There is no chronic wound pain. There are less chances of ileus. There is better outcome for the patient and subsequently low OPD cost. It causes less post operative ileus, less post operative thrombosis and less incisional hernia rate. There are less chances of post operative wounds, adhesions, infections and immunity of the patient is better. Last but not the least is the better visualisation leads to better treatment. There are few limitations attached to it like there is a long learning curve for the surgeon and there is increased cost due to expensive equipments. That's all for today.