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How Can Alcohol Affect Liver?

Written and reviewed by
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Delhi  •  35years experience
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Hi,

I am Dr. Monika Jain, Gastroenterologist. Today I will talk about the liver diseases caused by alcohol. Liver kharab hone ke bahut sare karan hain jinmein mukhaye hai hepatitis-B & C. Liver mein bahut jyada fat aa jata hain. Kuch autoimmune diseases hoti hain and kuch toxins jo ki liver ko damage karti hain. Jo liver ko kharab karta hai vo hai alcohol ka sewan. Isko hum alcoholic liver disease ke naam se bhi jante hain. Jaisa ki aap sab jante hain ki sharab humare sabhi body organs ko effect karti hai lekin maximum damage liver ko hota hai. Jaise jaise person alcohol consume karta hai vaise humare liver mein fat jama ho jata hai jisko hum alcoholic fatty liver bolte hain. Ye fat inflammation shuru kar deta hai and liver mein swelling aane lag jaati hai jisko alcoholic liver hepatitis kehte hain. Uske baad ye liver cirrhosis mein convert ho jata hai agar patient still alcohol le raha hai. Liver stiff ho jata hai and uska internal structure bigad jata hai. Baki ke function bhi perform karna liver band kar deta hai. Ultimately ye jaan leva bimari ban jaati hai.

Log puchate hain ki iske kya symptoms rahenge. Kafi time tak specific symptoms nahi aate. Patient ko bhook na lagana, nausea hona, vomiting hona, peat ka bharipan hona, pairon mein swelling ana. Ye sare non-specific hote hain and bahut bar patient ko pata bhi nahi chalta hai ki ye alcohol ki vajaha se hain. LLiver damage ho jata hai. Advance liver disease mein patient ko jaundice aane lag jata hai. Kayi patients khoon ki ulti leke aate hain, peat, pairon mein swelling aa jati hai. Bahut sare patients behoshi ki halat mein hote hain. Toh ye sab advance liver disease ke symptoms hain. Alcoholic liver disease mein kya treatment hain? Unfortunately, aisi medicines nahi hain jo definitely patient ko cure kar sakin. Kuch medicines ke through hum patients ko help kar sakte hain. Healthy diet like high in protein treatment ka part hai. Medicines de sakte hain and main hota hai ki patient alcohol na le. Alcohol ka sewan strictly mana ho jata hai. Agar patient alcohol lega toh uski disease aur progress hogi. Jab aise patient advance stage par pahuch jaate hain toh uska treatment liver transplant hota hai.

Ye simple treatment nahi hai and iske through bhi hum patient ki life ko prolong kar sakte hain. Ye kafi costly treatment hai aur bahut sare patients us stage tak pahuch hi nahi paate ki ise afford kar sakein. Alcohol se related kuch myths logon mein rehte hain. Kitna alcohol lene se humein liver disease ho jayegi? Dekha gaya hai ki aisa koi definite amount nahi hai. But ye dekha gaya hai ki jyada and lambe time tak drink karne se liver problem ho jaati hai. Ye dekha gaya hai ki bahut choti aayu mein alcohol lena shuru ho jata hai. Ye disease person to person depend karti hai. Kyki har vayakati ka alcohol ka metabolism different hota hai. Kuch families mein dekha gaya hai ki liver jaldi khrab hone lagta hai. Alcohol content jayada important hai rather type of drink. Alcohol ka consumption female mein bhi jyada dekha gaya hai. Females mein males ke compare mein liver disease jaldi aa jati hai. Pregnant lady ko alcohol nahi lena chahiyai kyuki vo mother and child dono ki health ko affect karta hai. Alcohol bahut jyada amount and bahut jyada samay tak nahi karna chahiyai. Especially agar kisi vayakti ka liver weak hai toh alcohol consume nahi karna chahiyai kyuki is se bahut jaldi liver damage hoga. Dekha jaye toh alcohol bahut jyada time tak harmful hai.

Thank You.

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