I am Dr. Priyanka Ghatge, Cosmetic Physician. Today I will talk about hair fall. I will talk about the causes and its management. It is the most worrying thing in both the sexes male and as well as female and all the age group. One of the most common cause is scalp infection. Like tinea, dandruff, dermatitis, psoriasis of the scalp so this kind of infections increase the hair fall. 2nd is a nutritional deficiency. In India, especially in females because of improper diet habits the hair fall is there. It is because of nutritional deficiency. It can be because of certain vitamins, minerals, vitamin-D, B, iron and calcium deficiency. Then comes hormonal factors. Women with PCOD, the thyroid can induce a lot of hair fall. In the male, DHT levels increases. It is also called androgenetic alopecia. In females, hair fall can be because of postpartum.
Hair fall can also be because of some external factors like pollution, hard water, chemicals like hair color. It can also rise because of alopecia. Like if females tie ponytail or bun in one particular format then the hair gets pulled up and that place starts losing. The alopecia areata is another cause. In this, a person starts losing the hair from one particular patch. Stress is also one important factor. Stress can be both mental and physical stress. Physical stress can be because of taking medication for longer period. Anti-cancer drugs can also cause hair to fall. Now we will discuss the treatment or the management. There are certain tips to prevent the hair fall. You should have a balanced diet. 2n is while washing your scalp. The scalp should be washed every alternate with a sulfate-free shampoo. Never oil your hair and go out because oil will catch all the dirt in them. Even if the person has a dandruff issue and applying oil, it will further increase. Then 3rd thing is you should drink a lot of water. You should have food which is rich in vitamin-C. When you wash your hair, you should not comb immediately.
While washing you should not use hot water. If hair fall is already there then we need to treat it. Treatment can be categorized into 3 different steps. Oral medications are necessary. If the hair fall is because of hormonal issues then it needs to be treated. If hair fall is severe it can be managed with topical medications. With this, we also suggest some sulfate-free shampoo. And if the dandruff is the cause then anti-dandruff shampoo. Then comes to clinical procedures. It not only stops the hair fall but it also promotes new growth. One of the most common treatment is PRP. We take the patient's blood around 8-10ml. We centrifuge it and after this, we remove the platelet-rich plasma and this is injected into the scalp. PRP, derma roller, mesotherapy which we do by injecting certain medications in the scalp. Then comes low-level lasers. It helps to stimulate new hair growth as well as reduces the hair fall. So, friends, this is all about hair fall causes and its management. For more details, you can contact me through lybrate.com.