I am Dr. Bharat V Shah, Nephrologist. Today I will talk about kidney disease. It is increasing in our country in epidemiological proportion. This is a lifestyle disease. It has contributed to morbidity and modality. Obesity, diabetes, high BP are also lifestyle diseases. Due to the increase in diabetes, kidney diseases also increases. Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level is high. Due to resistance in insulin or deficiency, this persistently high blood sugar contributes to severe complications in our body. It also contributes to coronary artery disease, peripheral disease, micro-vascular disease. When blood sugar is uncontrolled, kidney automatically starts getting damaged as protein starts leaking into the urine.
In the early stage, the amount of protein in urine is less. It is a slowly progressive disease. And once it progresses, it spoils the entire kidney function. By controlling the blood sugar level at an early stage, one can prevent diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy. Because end-stage kidney stage has limited treatment option, I request all my patients to control blood sugar well so that they will not develop kidney disease and also other complications. If kidney damages and it is at the end stage so, one can either go for dialysis or for transplantation. Kidney transplant is the far superior option. I would suggest to all who have diabetes is to try preventing diabetes. Avoid eating high carbohydrate diet means fast food. Remain active and avoid smoking and alcohol.