I am Dr. Lakshman Phonde, Dermatologist, Navi Mumbai. Today I will talk about acne. It is the most common dermatological condition. It affects both male and female. It usually presents with whiteheads and blackheads, pus failed regions, cyst, and scars. It varies in intensity from few regions to intense scarring. It can also impact on self-confidence. It usually starts anytime after puberty and remains in males from 20 to 30 years of age. What are the causes? The sebaceous gland of the acne individual is more sensitive to a sex hormone. Sex hormone causes an increase in the secretion of oil from the sebaceous gland and at the same time it hampers the cleaning of the dead cells. These 2 causes the production of whiteheads and blackheads.
Acne multiplies at a higher rate and which causes the inflammation of the acne lesions. And the inflammation causes the formation of pus-filled lesions, pustules, cyst and which eventually heals by scarring. It clinically affects both male and female. Clinically almost all patients are present with mixed clinical lesions. Such as seborrheic or oily skin, whiteheads, and blackheads, cyst, acne. It has many modalities of the treatment presents to treat acne such as topical treatment, oral antibiotic and newer treatment such as chemical peels, lasers. In the case of a topical treatment, there are 2 types of skin presents, anti-bacterium, retinol. There is a drug of choice in case of acne treatment. It is given with caution in young ladies who are in the reproductive age group. Chemical peels and laser treatments which most commonly used for the acne, pigmentation and acne scar. Though it is a very simple condition to diagnose. But definitely it is a very challenging and fascinating condition to treat.