MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Certification in IVF & Infertility, Fellowship in Advanced Laparoscopy
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The reproductive system is not affected by menopause
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The oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone are known as sex hormones. Thus a depletion in the level of any one of these is sure to affect the reproductive system. The reproductive ability of a woman reduces with age due to the loss of the functional capabilities of the ovaries and lower oestrogen level. The monthly menstrual cycle ends with menopause and a woman would be no longer able to conceive. Undertaking regular, moderate physical exercise like walking or cycling is necessary.
What are the main causes of menopause?
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The ovaries are the source of oestrogen and progesterone, the female hormones in the body. These are the two key hormones that are responsible for controlling the female reproductive system. As ovaries age and release fewer hormones over time, LH and FSH can no longer perform their function properly in controlling the level of the sex hormones in the body. These changes in the hormone levels during the period of menopause can significantly affect the health of the individual. Consult your gynecologist if you face any difficulties during menopause.
The brain and nervous system is affected by menopause
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Oestrogen depletion could result in a series of biochemical fluctuations in the body that can lead to changes in the brain and nervous system. Mood swings, loss of focus, memory loss, depression and fatigue are some of the effects. Physical symptoms like hot flashes, along with changes in cognition, could create more emotional changes for the individual. 2-3 daily servings of low-fat dairy foods or calcium-enriched soya alternatives should be eaten.
What are the organs that might be affected through menopause?
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The hormones released by the ovaries are not just related to controlling the reproductive system. These hormones are also very much connected to controlling various other organs. For instance, with regard to the urinary system, the depletion of oestrogen levels might cause the lining of the urethra to become drier or thinner and less elastic. This might lead to an increased risk of urinary tract infections and involuntary urinary incontinence. Similarly, the menopause affects the skin and bones as well. Healthy body weight needs to be maintained to avoid such complications during the menopausal period.
The menopause affects the heart
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Menopause vigorously affects the heart as the depletion of oestrogen put women to increased risk of cardiovascular problems, such as myocardial infarctions (heart attacks) or strokes. The same happens on hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) or oophorectomy (surgical removal of the ovaries), which causes an early experience of menopause. The age, diet and medical history are also other factors that play a role in heart health. You also would be required to keep a check on stimulants like caffeine and alcohol.