Which of these is the medical terminology for Ingrown Toenail?
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An Ingrown Toenail is known as Onychocryptosis in the medical terminology. It is a common condition of the nail, more frequently affecting the toenails than the fingernails. Though it is painful irrespective of its location of occurrence, it hurts the most when located in the big toe. An Ingrown Toenail occurs when the edge of the nail grows into the skin on its side and breaking through it. It causes inflammation and pain. Initially, it
causes a little discomfort, but eventually, it might get infected causing pain, soreness, and injury.
Which of these causes an Ingrown Toenail?
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An Ingrown Toenail can be caused due to a number of reasons like being a hereditary condition, improperly fitting closed footwear like shoes, improper nail trimming, and aggressive pedicure and manicure. Nails which are curled inwards can easily become painful. Excessive perspiration also causes nails and skin to become soft and brittle, eventually leading to its splitting and piercing through the softened skin, triggering the condition.
Which of the following statements is true for an Ingrown Toenail?
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A Podiatrist is a doctor specialized in the study, diagnosis, surgical, and medical treatment of ankle, foot, and the lowest extremity disorder. The diagnosis for an Ingrown Toenail can be done by physical examination only and does not require laboratory tests.
An Ingrown Toenail can be treated by conservative treatment, surgery, and nail bracing.
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The treatment for an Ingrown Toenail depends on the severity of its condition. Conservative treatment treats minor Ingrown Toenail that involves soaking in warm water with recommended salts in it, use of antibiotics and antibacterial ointments. Surgical treatment is used in severe cases and it involves the removal of the infected nail and destruction of cells from the roots of this condition.
Matrixectomy does not refer to the full or partial removal of an Ingrown Toenail.
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Matrixectomy refers to the full or partial removal of an Ingrown Toenail and requires local anesthesia. It treats the Ingrown Toenail permanently and prevents its recurrence.