Master of Physiotherapy (MPT-Neuro), Bachelor of physiotherapy(BPT)
11 years experience
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Physiotherapy in case of spinal cord injury focuses on:
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Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in the progressive healing of the patient with a spinal cord injury. It is a fundamental tool for preventing the weakening of the muscles. It also acts as an important driver in attaining a higher quality of life for the patient. Physical therapy helps in reducing further neurological damage to the spinal cord. Therefore, physiotherapy helps the patient to recover earlier.
How many types of range of motion exercises are there for spinal cord injury?
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There are two types of range of motion exercises active and passive. Active exercises are the ones that can be performed by the patient. Stretching is one such example. The patient uses the stronger arm as a support to the weaker arm to perform such exercises. Passive exercises require the involvement of a physiotherapist. They are performed within a range of motion to avoid fatigue, pain, and swelling.
Patients with spinal cord injury perform empowering exercises to:
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Empowering exercises help the patients with spinal cord injury to restore the strength of the upper extremities and shoulder rotation. These exercises include active and resistance exercises.
Muscle strength of paraplegics and tetraplegics are improved with the help of:
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Weight and resistance exercises help in improving the muscle strength in paraplegics and tetraplegics. Dumbbells are used to perform these exercises. The weight of dumbbells is dependent on the patient s muscle strength. Breathing exercises must also be performed by paraplegic and tetraplegic patients in order to increase or maintain the lung capacity and strengthen the upper extremities.
The ratio of time consumption by stance and swing phase in gate cycle should be:
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Gait training is provided to the patients with spinal cord injury to inspire them to walk and stand wherever possible. It comprises of two phases stance and swing, in the ratio of 3:2. In case of stance phase, both feet should be on the ground for a period of time. In swing phase, one foot is on the ground while other remains in the air. The foot in the air is said to be in the swing phase of a gait cycle.