Which of the following are the most common types of sports injuries that occur?
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A sprain occurs when ligaments are stretched too far and they get twisted or torn. A strain occurs when tissues and fibres of the muscles get overstretched or torn. These types of injuries take place most commonly when engaging in sporting activities. They are usually treated through anti-inflammatory medicines, the application of a cold pack, and sufficient rest. In extreme cases, surgery may be required to completely treat the injury and lessen the pain that it causes.
Hamstring injuries heal faster and more easily than other sports injuries.
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Hamstring injuries occur along the back of the thigh and are slow to heal due to the constant stress on the injured muscles that happen due to walking. Such an injury is commonly caused by movements that require overstretching such as hurdling and kicking sharply. It often takes several months for the injury to completely heal and in more severe cases, even a year or more.
Knee injuries caused by sporting activities are likely to affect both knees at once.
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There are cases when both knees are affected by sports injuries but that does not always happen. Many a times, only one knee is affected where the pain occurs. Sports injuries in the knees mainly take place when there is a tear in the ligaments connected to the knee or when there is too much friction caused by repeated movement of the knee cap against the thigh bone. Depending on the extent and exact nature of the injury, this pain can be relieved with rest, painkillers, and the application of an ice pack every now and then.
What is the benefit of doing warm up exercises before engaging in a sporting activity?
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A warm up exercise is necessary before any sport. Although it will not prevent injuries from occurring, it will make the muscles more flexible and help get rid of stiffness, thereby reducing the risk of muscle injury. It boosts the health of the muscles by improving blood circulation, which ensures that any muscle injury that occurs will heal faster and not cause too much pain.
Pain caused by sprained ankles can be relieved through regular exercise.
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Ankle sprains are very common among sports injuries and typically occur when the foot turns too far inward. It is important to keep exercising the sprained ankle lightly in order to prevent loss of strength and flexibility in the foot. Exercising will also reduce the chances of re-injury and make the pain go away faster. Before engaging in remedial exercises, it is advisable to consult a physician or physical therapist regarding what would be the most suitable forms of exercise to heal the ankle.