What are the major threats that diabetes poses on pregnancy?
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All types of diabetes have been linked to causing various problems during the pregnancy duration. Poorly managed blood sugar can lead to complications like abortion in the mother and congenital disabilities in the child. A high amount of blood sugar during pregnancy can also cause a potentially dangerous complication called preeclampsia. In case you are already diagnosed with diabetes before pregnancy, it s important to opt for regular medical consultation to keep your diabetes in check.
Which of these are the best ways to managing diabetes during pregnancy?
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Insulin is always suggested to be a better option for dealing with diabetes over taking oral medications by the doctors. Oral medications may seem convenient, but going off it is rather healthy for pregnancy. Plus, a moderate amount of daily exercise helps in improving the body's own insulin and keeping the blood sugar levels normal. And a healthy and nutrient-rich diet is not only good for keeping diabetes in check but also for the proper growth of the fetus. Talk to your doctor to know whether your present insulin regimen is what you need to deal with diabetes during pregnancy.
Maintaining a healthy weight is another key to managing diabetes when pregnant.
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When you have diabetes, losing the extra weight or managing a healthy weight becomes more than necessary as excessive weight gain leads to insulin resistance and high blood pressure. Make it a point to avoid foods with preservatives, saturated fats, and processed foods. Rather opt for a plant-based healthy diet to lose weight and stay healthy at the same time. Consult with your doctor about how much weight gain is normal during your every trimester.
There's no need to check on carbs intake as it has nothing to do with pregnancy or diabetes.
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Plan your meals during your pregnancy days with a check on the carbs you are consuming. Consumption of excessive carbohydrates or less than what is required may cause fatigue and disrupt the normal levels of the blood sugar. Also, bad carbs that include refined grains and refined sugar must be avoided. Ask your doctor to plan a diet chart for you, in case you re unable to figure out what to include and what not.
Glucose monitoring is important for those pregnant women who have diabetes.
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The more you will advance in your pregnancy stages, and the more hormones will start affecting the function of the insulin released by the placenta. Therefore, it becomes important to daily check your blood sugar levels, both before and after meals, in case you're diagnosed with diabetes or if you are pregnant. Because it will help in determining whether your blood sugar is in control or not. Make it a point to stay in touch with your doctor on a regular basis to avoid complications and treating them at the earliest, if there s any.