Which one of these is the correct description of the gastroesophageal reflux?
1 of 5
Gastroesophageal indicates the stomach and the esophagus whereas reflux means flowing back or returning. Thus, gastroesophageal reflux is a return of the contents of the stomach back into the esophagus. In the normal process of digestion, the lower esophageal sphincter opens up so that the foods can pass into the stomach and closes so that the foods cannot escape back into the esophagus. But when the system becomes weak or when it fails to relax appropriately. If you suffer from this issue, you should consult with a gastroenterologist without neglecting it.
Which of these organs get affected by the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease?
2 of 5
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a form of digestive disorder which affects the lower part of the esophageal sphincter or LES. It can also affect the ring of muscle present in the middle of the stomach and the esophagus. Doctors are of the opinion that an individual can also suffer from GERD due to a condition called hiatal hernia. GERD is a very common which can be relieved through simple lifestyle and dietary changes.
A hiatal hernia plays a critical role in gastrointestinal reflux disease.
3 of 5
Some doctors are of the opinion that a hiatal hernia can weaken the lower esophageal sphincter and also increase the risk of gastroesophageal reflux. A hiatal hernia takes place when the upper part of the stomach moves into the chest a little opening in the diaphragm. Many people suffering from a hiatal hernia may not have any issues such as heartburn but may allow the contents of the stomach to reflux easily into the esophagus. It is important to get the condition evaluate by a doctor to reduce the symptoms of GERD faster.
A Hiatal hernia can be caused by physical strains like vomiting and coughing.
4 of 5
Coughing, vomiting and other physical exertions can lead to increase in the pressure in the abdomen, which, in turn, lead to a hiatal hernia. Pregnancy and obesity can also contribute to the disease. Even though it is a condition of the middle age, it can affect people of any age. A hiatal hernia does not require any treatment generally but in severe cases when a hernia becomes strangulated or becomes complicated enough to become esophagitis.
The treatment for GERD generally involves simple lifestyle changes.
5 of 5
Doctors recommend simple dietary and lifestyle changes for most people suffering from GERD. The aim of the treatment is to decrease the amount of reflux as well as reduce the level of damage to the lining of the oesophagus. It is crucial to avoid foods and beverages which can weaken the opening such as peppermint, fatty foods, chocolate and alcoholic beverages. Decreasing the amount of portions at each meal is the foremost way of controlling the symptoms of GERD.