Which of the following active physical therapy is preferred for managing lower back pain?
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Lower back pain can be managed well with the help of active physical therapy, which includes manual therapy (it is a hands-on technique to relieve the stiffness and increase the mobility, movement exercises (it helps in decreasing the radiating or referred pain and restoring the motion, and strengthening and core exercises (it provides core stability by strengthening the low back muscles (erector spinae).
Iontophoresis works on the principle of __________.
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Iontophoresis treats the patient by administering medicine with the help of electrical stimulation. A positive or negative charge is applied according to the positively or negatively charged medicine to repel the medicine and push it into the injured tissues.
Which of the following treatment option is a part of active physical therapy?
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Physiotherapy includes two basic forms: active physical therapy and passive physical therapy. Active physical therapy focuses on stretching and specific exercises to help recover from back problems. Passive physical therapy includes modalities such as the use of heat pads, ice packs, and electrical stimulation.
How does heat therapy provide relief from back pain?
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Heat therapy helps in dilating the blood vessels, which increases the blood flow. Thus, it gives proper passage to the nutrients and oxygen to reach the muscles, helping the damaged tissues to heal. Additionally, sensory stimulators present in the skin get stimulated through heat therapy. This decreases the transmission of pain signals reaching the brain, helping the patient recover from pain.
Which of the following is/are the goal/goals of physiotherapy?
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Physiotherapy is a conservative (non-surgical) treatment regimen advised to patients with back pain before considering more complex treatments such as surgery. It focuses on treating the patient by increasing the mobility of the muscles and joints and alleviating the pain. Physiotherapy also serves the patient by imparting the knowledge about the maintenance program. This helps in recovering earlier and preventing future back-related issues.