Neurosurgery for the treatment of birth defects can only be performed after the child is born.
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Although congenital abnormalities are more commonly treated through surgery after the child is born, advancements in medical science and technology has made it possible to conduct neurosurgery on a child who is still in the womb. Foetal neurosurgery can be done in many cases when congenital abnormalities have been detected during the period of gestation. This allows the child to be born without the birth defects or with suppressed symptoms which can then be treated completely after birth.
Which of the following is more likely to increase the risk of birth defects that can be treated through neurosurgery?
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The genetics of the parents plays the most important role in affecting the risk level of being born with congenital abnormalities. Birth defects might occur due to inherited genes or genetic mutations. Diet also plays an important role.
Which of these nutrients is associated with neural tube defects?
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Folic acid, or Vitamin B9 deficiency is strongly associated with neural tube defects. Folic acid supplementation should be ideally started before conception by a lady of child bearing age as its effect is more important in the early stages of foetal development. Green leafy vegetables are a natural source of folic acid, but must be eaten fresh to avail maximum benefit. Heating destroys folate during.
Which of the following is the most common type of neurological birth defect?
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Neural tube anomalies are the most commonly occurring type of neurological birth defect. These defects can be diagnosed during the gestation period and surgical intervention at this stage is known to effectively prevent them from taking hold after the child is born. Studies have also shown that sufficient folic acid intake during the period of gestation can prevent the occurrence of neural tube anomalies.
Congenital abnormalities like meningocele or swelling in the back during birth should be
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Meningocele are neural tube defects seen at birth where the spine is incompletely formed and the neural elements are exposed via a sac like structure protruding from the back. Early surgery may be necessary to stop infection from spreading into the nervous system which can be a fatal situation. A neurosurgeon should be consulted at the earliest if such a finding is seen in a USG before birth or found out after birth.