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Overview

Alcohol

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Alcohol is an organic compound and refers to the primary alcohol ethanol, or ethyl alcohol, which is the main component in any alcoholic beverage.

Alcohol, in its various forms, is used in the medicinal field as disinfectants, antiseptics and antidotes. When used for disinfection, it is generally applied to skin before any form of surgery, but it can also be used to disinfect skin for other purposes as well. When used as an antiseptic for disinfection, Alcohol is generally given in combination with iodine. Soaps based on ethanol are also becoming increasingly popular in restaurants, due to the fact that the compound is extremely volatile, and does not require drying. Alcohol based gels have also become extremely popular as hand sanitizers. Alcohol, at times, is also used as a preservative in the field of medicine and science, due to its ability to preserve specimens.

Alcohol can be administered by either oral dosage, or by injection into veins, as the doctor sees fit for the particular patient and his medical condition.

Ethanol is flammable, so care should be taken in its administration. Possible side effects of Alcohol include headaches, nausea and skin irritation.

In addition to its intended effect, Alcohol may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Acute gastritis
Balance disorder (loss of balance)
Central pontine myelinolysis
Central nervous system depression
Degeneration of mammilary bodies
Disinhibition
Distorted speech and loss of muscle control
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Liver toxicity
Korsakoff(s) psychosis
Wernicke(s) disaese.
Is It safe with alcohol?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect kidney function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 28 years I have always facing gas problem & I have to go 3-4 times toilet in a day. Tell me the some medicine for that.

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), M.sc in yoga and naturopathy, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Ayurveda, Delhi
I am 28 years I have always facing gas problem & I have to go 3-4 times toilet in a day. Tell me the some medicine fo...
Try to wake up early in the morning and sleep before 10 pm at night eat food slowly by chewing it properly avoid performing any other task during eating give your complete attention and time to the food while eating avoid stress aggravating conditions avoid tea, coffee, tobacco, alcohol, curd,vinegar, milk (at night, fried, junk, spicy food stuffs drink boiled water practice pranayam do min 30-60 min workout daily don't skip meals drink water at regular intervals.
1 person found this helpful

I will smoke daily 5 times maximum some times in my heart it will little bit pain what is the problem? Please suggest

BSc, Diploma In Human Nutrition, Certified Diabetes Educator, MBA, Lifestyle Medicine
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
I will smoke daily 5 times maximum some times in my heart it will little bit pain what is the problem? Please suggest
Smoking is the matter. Today or tomorrow, it is going to impact heart condition. Quit today than tomorrow. If you take alcohol reduce that too.

I am suffering from gastric problems, initially I suffered from burning sensation in chest later the same spread to my stomach and my back even though I am using medicines from 5 years the problem is not resolved and it spread to the whole body. Is there any way to cure this My Current symptoms are burning sensation in stomach, chest,legs and back, hot sprinkles like sensation over whole body and icy cube sensations burning sensation in chest is less when compared to other parts.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I am suffering from gastric problems, initially I suffered from burning sensation in chest later the same spread to m...
Hello, You are suffering from hyper acidity causing burning in chest due to gastric pressure on diaphragm. Tk,  plenty of water to hydrate your body to prevent constipation, diluting acid  in stomach. Go for meditation to reduce your stress to nourish your body including digestive system to check gastric disorder. Your diet be simple, easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder.  Tk,  apples,  carrots,  Papaya, tonned mill. Tk,  homoeopathic medicine:@ Acid sulph 30-6 pills,  thrice. @ China 200-6 pills thrice. Avoid, junk food,  alcohol & nicotine Tk, care.
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Which kind lifestyle changes can I made for good health and which helps me for boosting immunity and fall ill less often. My Age is 27 male and My Weight is 70 kg and Height 5.6 Please suggest me something for that.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Which kind  lifestyle changes can I made for good health and  which helps me for  boosting immunity and fall ill less...
Dear lybrateuser, - A string immunity depends on your regular habits like regular exercise, proper restful sleep, reduce stress to minimum & very important one is to consume a well balanced diet - follow some tips to boost your immunity - have a well balanced diet containing more of fruits, vegetables including green leafy & seasonal ones, have whole grains like wholewheat, brown rice, oats, corn, protein rich foods like eggs, non veg, milk & milk products, soya products, tofu, beans, lentils, pulses, sprouts, nuts such as almonds, walnuts, pista, cashews, peanuts, healthy fats as in olive, canola or sunflower oil,, avocados, seafoods & nuts, all these foods help to build a strong immunity when consumed as per daily requirement of the body - do regular exercise like walking, jogging, swimming, also yoga, meditation & deep breathing which reduce stress, improve blood circulation whereby improving immunity - avoid alcohol, smoking, pollutants, allergens which weaken immunity - have plenty of oral fluids including 7-8 glasses of water for proper hydration - sleep well for 7-8 hrs at night, keep sleep & wake up time fixed - a well balanced & a proper daily routine is the key to a strong immunity & protect one against various diseases.

Popular Health Tips

Treatment and Management of Erectile Dysfunction

MBBS, MCCEE, Fellowship in Sexual Medicine
Sexologist, Jaipur
Treatment and Management of Erectile Dysfunction

How to manage it effectively?
There are enough options available which can keep every man sexually active regardless of the cause of erectile dysfunction (ed). Here's how therapy can take place.

Counselling sessions:
As with an electrical circuit, if there are any breaks in the system it will not function as a unit. Part of the process of psychosexual therapy would be to think about the actual emotional and/or psychological issues behind ed, and to attend to these with weekly counselling sessions. This realisation is an important first step for you to begin and resolve your erection problem. The patient normally implements the therapy advice at home, either alone or with a partner, between therapy sessions. This may help you maintain an erection for once, gradually building confidence.

Relieving sexual anxiety:
Telling your partner before you make love that you have this anxiety, and the feelings it causes. As a result, your partner will understand, and the two of you can work on it together.

You can reduce some worries by being more giving with foreplay, even if your sexual performance isn't what you or your partner wanted, your partner will still be satisfied.

Consider regular exercise which brings confidence in your body as your energy is also an important part of overcoming sexual anxiety.

Non-medical therapies
Watermelon juice (nature's viagra) and ginseng (herbal viagra): l-citrulline, an amino acid, present in watermelon can bring about significant improvement in blood flow to the penis, showing an improvement in erectile function. Another herb called ginseng, specifically 'red ginseng,' is known as the 'herbal viagra' that can improve sexual performance. Several research studies provide evidence for the effectiveness of these herbs in ed treatment.

Kegel exercises: pelvic exercises, involving the portion of the body between your waist and thighs, are commonly known as kegel exercises. Three months of kegel exercises twice daily can help to significantly improve your erection ability which strengthens the penile muscle. They also promote urinary control.

Acupuncture therapy: the acupuncture needles are placed in the wall of the abdomen. By stimulating specific acupoints, the practitioner aims to restore the proper flow of energy in the body resolving ed.

Eat right: scientific study at Massachusetts on male aging has found that eating a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, fish with fewer red and processed meat, whole and refined grains decreased the likelihood of having ed. Intake of a daily multivitamin and fortified foods is the best remedies for treating ed.

Walking: just 30 minutes of walking a day is linked to 41% drop in risk for ed. Moderate exercise can help restore sexual performance in obese middle-aged men with ed.

Attention towards vascular health and making body slim: high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high cholesterol, and high triglycerides can all damage arteries in the penis along with heart and brain thereby leading to ed. Maintaining a trim waistline is a good defence for ed, as men with a 42-inch waist are 50% more likely to develop ed in comparison to 32-inch waist people.

Avoid excessive alcohol: chronic heavy drinking of alcohol can cause liver damage, nerve damage, and other conditions, interfering with the normal balance of male sex hormone (androgens) levels ultimately leading to ed.

Intake of l-arginine: l-arginine, an amino acid, which is naturally present in the body and helps make nitric oxide, supports a successful erection. Nitric oxide is responsible for making the blood vessels relax, which helps sustain an erection for men.

Medical therapy:
Ed can also be treated with oral medications, drugs insertions or injections into the penis. Oral medications that are normally prescribed to treat the dysfunction work for about 80% of men. They work by boosting the natural signals, which are generated dur

ing sexual activity so as to help you sustain an erection. Alprostadil is a type of medicine that causes blood vessels to expand, increasing blood flow to the penis, thus facilitate an erection. Cialis, Levitra, staxyn and viagra work by a similar mechanism to cause erections. There are subtle differences in how long the drug works and how quickly it works. A vacuum erection device is a plastic tube that slips over the penis, making a seal with the skin of the body. A pump at the other end of the tube creates a low-pressure vacuum around the erectile tissue, which results in an erection.

Ayurvedic medications:
Klaibya in Ayurveda is defined as the inability to attain and keep sufficient rigid (firm) erection which is very essential during sexual intercourse for the sexual needs or the needs of his female partner. Also vajikarana in Ayurveda means producing a horse's vigor. Some of the herbs used in vajikarana include:

  • Bulb of allium sativum (garlic)
  • Root of asparagus recemosus (shatavari)
  • Root of boerhavia diffusa (punarnava)
  • Whole part of Cocculus cardifoli (guduchi)
  • Root of panax ginseng (ginseng)
  • Seeds of myristica fragraus (nutmeg)
  • Leaf and root of withania somnifera (ashwagandha)
  • Leaf and seeds of ginkgo bioloba (ginkgo)
  • Pitch of asphaltum bitumen (shilajit)
  • Dried root of lepidium meyenii (maca)
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The Many Myths About Blood Pressure And Heart Rate!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
The Many Myths About Blood Pressure And Heart Rate!

It is natural to consider whether your heart is beating right and your blood pressure is normal. Also, many tend to think that the blood pressure and heart rate are related to each other. Admit it or not, you must have heard a lot about your heart rate and blood pressure, some of which are outright false. This is the time to debunk them and know what actually the reality is.

Myth #1: Having an erratic heart rate indicates that you will have a heart attack soon
When the heart beats at an abnormal rate, it means you have a condition called palpitation. It may give you feeling as if you have skipped a beat or your heart is racing up. You may also experience a brief flutter or pounding feeling in the chest. The good news is that these sensations are not life-threatening and are generally caused by caffeine, alcohol, medication, stress or exercise.

Myth#2: When the pulse rate is fast, it means you are overstressed
Stress is a condition which may raise the pulse rate. But your heart rate can rise when you feel excited or feel anxious or exercise hard. Even high temperature and high humidity can raise your pulse.

Myth #3: Normal heart rate denotes normal blood pressure
At times, blood pressure and heart rate go hand in hand. For instance, when you feel angry or scared or exercise hard, both of them can go up. But you should note here that they are not always linked. Even if the heart rate is normal, your blood pressure may not be so. It could be too high or too low, but you wouldn’t be able to understand it.

Myth #4: Blood pressure and heart rate are same things
It is important to understand the difference between pulse rate and heart rate. Blood pressure is the term denoting the force of blood moving through the blood vessel. On the other hand, heart rate is the number of times the heart beats in a minute. They are two absolutely separate indicators of health. This means if you have high blood pressure or hypertension, there is no substitute for measuring blood pressure.

Myth #5: Heart rate and blood pressure rise and fall at the same rate
As indicated above, a rising heart rate may not be able to cause the blood pressure to surge at the same rate. Even though the heart is beating more than normal, the healthy blood vessels may dilate to allow easy blood flow. When we exercise, the heart speeds up in order to pump an adequate amount of the blood to the muscles. It could be that your heart rate is doubled, but it is safe since your blood pressure has increased only at a modest rate.
 

1 person found this helpful

Types, Causes and Treatment For Cardiomyopathy

MD - Cardiology, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardoology
Cardiologist, Rudrapur
Types, Causes and Treatment For Cardiomyopathy

Our heart is basically a muscle. So when this muscle weakens the heart is unable to do its function i.e., to pump blood throughout our body and keep us alive.

The heart muscle gets progressively weak due to a disease called cardiomyopathy.

There are different types of cardiomyopathy caused by different causes. Untreated cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure or early death. Treatment can’t cure the condition but can give you extra healthy years of life and prevent serious complications.

Cardiomyopathy has 4 main types, they are:

  1. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: This is the most common form and its principal cause is that your heart muscle becomes too weak to pump blood. The heart muscles stretch and become thinner in this case leading to the four chambers of the heart to expand causing a pathology called an enlarged heart.

  2. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This happens due to genetics. It occurs when the walls of your heart thicken and prevent the flow of blood through this natural pump.

  3. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia: This is a rare form of cardiomyopathy. It causes sudden deaths of athletes and is caused when fat and fibrous tissues replace muscle in the right ventricle of the heart.

  4. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: This is the least common form of the disease. The cause is the stiffening of the ventricles, the part of the blood which receives blood. When these stiffen, the heart doesn’t get enough blood to oxygenate. Scarring of the heart due to heart disease and a heart transplant operation can be a cause of this stiffening.

  5. Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: Ischemic cardiomyopathy is caused due to coronary artery disease which causes blood vessels supplying blood to the heart to become narrow. The heart doesn’t get enough oxygen and a person can die due to a heart attack.

  6. Other types of cardiomyopathy are grouped into this category and can include:

    • Left ventricular noncompaction happens when the left ventricle has trabeculations, projections of muscle inside the ventricle.

    • Peripartum cardiomyopathy, another form of the disease can occur during or after pregnancy. This is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy and can be fatal. There’s no documented cause.

    • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caused due to alcoholism causing an enlargement of the heart.

    • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or broken heart syndrome, happens when extreme stress leads to heart muscle failure. Though rare, this condition is more common in post-menopausal women.

Treatment

Doctors will decide the treatment after finding out the extent of damage due to cardiomyopathy.

Few people will not require treatment till symptoms like chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath and edema appear.

Others whose life is affected due to symptoms are treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The bad news is that cardiomyopathy can’t be cured but can only be managed and controlled by doing the following:

  1. Heart-healthy lifestyle changes are key. You will be advised to maintain a healthy weight, eat a modified diet, get enough sleep, manage stress, and quit smoking.

  2. Exercise is also crucial to keep the heart healthy and maintain a healthy weight through regular bouts of low-intensity exercise.

  3. Medications for high blood pressure will be prescribed to prevent water retention, keep the heart beating normally, prevent blood clots and reduce inflammation.

  4. Pacemakers and defibrillators can be implanted.

  5. Surgery like heart transplant can be done as a last resort.

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Gynecomastia - What You Should Know About It!

MBBS, MS- Surgery, MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Gynecomastia - What You Should Know About It!

Due to hormonal imbalance, it is possible for boys during puberty or adolescence to develop breast tissue. This tissue may not be similar to those of females, but still considerable enough to cause embarrassment. A more serious issue is when this also causes pain and swelling. While it disappears on its own in most people, in some cases it may persist in some and may require surgical correction.

Why does it happen? Male features are due to a hormone called testosterone, and female features are due to estrogen. While both hormones are produced in both sexes, the predominance is of testosterone in males and estrogen in females. Gynecomastia happens when either there is a reduced production of testosterone or higher production of estrogen.

This surge of hormone production happens during infancy, puberty, and during old age.

Other common reasons are:

  • Drugs (anti androgens, anabolic steroids, AIDS medications, cancer treatment, heart medications, etc.)
  • Street drugs like marijuana, amphetamines
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Hypogonadism in men
  • Ageing men, who are also overweight
  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure

What to do? Most males go through some amount of breast tissue expansion during their growing years. This often disappears as they cross the teenage years. However, it may continue to grow and requires attention in the following cases:

  • Grows considerably and is painful
  • Is a cosmetic concern

The doctor can review and advise if any changes are required to rectify the situation. In very rare cases, if the condition does not improve, surgical correction may be advised.

Prevention: Given that there are obvious causes, this condition can be prevented by avoiding medications which can cause it. Avoiding street drugs, alcohol, and adopting a healthy lifestyle are also options to prevent gynecomastia.

Diagnosis: Blood tests and hormone levels need to be checked to confirm the diagnosis. Mammograms are also required to identify the pattern and to rule out breast cancer, fatty breast tissue, and localized breast infections.

Management: Treatment would depend on identifying the root cause.

  • If there are medications that are inducing this, switch to alternate meds.
  • If there is an underlying condition such as malnutrition or liver failure, that needs to be addressed.
  • Quit or reduce the consumption of alcohol and/or street drugs if they are the reason
  • Meds for breast cancer are known to reduce gynecomastia, though not in all men
  • Liposuction is an option, where the breast fat tissue is removed. This may need to be repeated if the fat grows again.
  • Mastectomy: As a definitive procedure, the entire breast tissue can be removed.

In addition to the treatment and management options listed above, given the embarrassing nature of this condition, strong moral and social support is required.

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Erectile Dysfunction - 5 Ayurvedic Ways It Can Be Treated!

MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Thane
Erectile Dysfunction - 5 Ayurvedic Ways It Can Be Treated!

It is important that we should discuss our problems related to performance in bed with our partner and should see a professional for treatment as hiding such things will certainly won't solve our problems. Erectile dysfunction refers to a condition where the male patient cannot achieve and retain a normal erection for satisfactory sexual activity. This is also known as impotence. Stress, anxiety, and other ailments like diabetes, high cholesterol, cardiovascular diseases and others, may be the cause of erectile dysfunction. Usually, the primary form of medical intervention includes therapy for the patient to get over the stress and anxiety more than anything else. Ayurveda also prescribes a number of remedies for getting over Erectile Dysfunction. These are as follows:

  1. Carrots, Egg and Honey: One can take half a bowl of chopped carrots and add half a boiled egg along with two tablespoons of honey. This should be mixed well and taken so that the condition abates. As per Ayurveda, one must have this concoction for one month, on a daily basis.
  2. Drumstick Flowers: Drumsticks are known to be rich in anti-oxidants and can be used in tonic form to overcome this form of sexual disability. One can boil drumstick flowers in a glass of milk. This milk can be taken once the tonic becomes lukewarm. This helps in flushing out the toxins that may be blocking the flow of energy in the affected region.
  3. Ginger and Honey: This is another natural mixture that can be taken at least three times a day, for a few months as ginger is a known aphrodisiac. Crush ginger to a paste. Add two teaspoons of honey and mix it well before having it. This can also be used to drive away cold and cough.
  4. Abstinence: As per Ayurveda, there are a number of ingredients that one should and should not eat. With a tweak in our lifestyle and daily habits, Ayurveda seeks to reach the root cause of the problem rather than merely offering a cure. Therefore, it manages to prevent any recurrences. For erectile dysfunction, one must abstain from excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and drug abuse. One must stick to a healthy diet which has a balance of all the food groups. This can also help in better penile tissue growth. Also, better blood circulation in the area will be encouraged as the toxins will be routinely flushed out with the help of various kinds of healthy food.
  5. Massages: Oil massages are a major part of any Ayurvedic therapy and Sanda Oil massage is said to be especially beneficial for people who are suffering from this condition as it helps in encouraging better blood flow with which the patient and achieve and hold an erection for a longer time. Sanda oil is not available in its pure form and simple branding of this name is not useful. Sanda is a wild reptile which was boiled in ancient times and fats taken out to make Sanda oil. This is not possible now a days. Instead various 'Tilas' (penis massage oils) prepared by valuable herbs and vegetable oils such as Seasame oil should be used. Tila using Mall (purified arsenic) and egg are also effective. Preparation and use should be as per instructions in classic Ayurveda. Tila is selected as per history, present condition and duration of pt. specific problem, by Ayurveda doctor.

Getting yourself treated for erectile dysfunction is a matter of bringing back confidence in one's sexual life and relationships. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a specilized ayurveda and ask a free question.

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