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Overview

Alcohol

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Alcohol is an organic compound and refers to the primary alcohol ethanol, or ethyl alcohol, which is the main component in any alcoholic beverage.

Alcohol, in its various forms, is used in the medicinal field as disinfectants, antiseptics and antidotes. When used for disinfection, it is generally applied to skin before any form of surgery, but it can also be used to disinfect skin for other purposes as well. When used as an antiseptic for disinfection, Alcohol is generally given in combination with iodine. Soaps based on ethanol are also becoming increasingly popular in restaurants, due to the fact that the compound is extremely volatile, and does not require drying. Alcohol based gels have also become extremely popular as hand sanitizers. Alcohol, at times, is also used as a preservative in the field of medicine and science, due to its ability to preserve specimens.

Alcohol can be administered by either oral dosage, or by injection into veins, as the doctor sees fit for the particular patient and his medical condition.

Ethanol is flammable, so care should be taken in its administration. Possible side effects of Alcohol include headaches, nausea and skin irritation.

In addition to its intended effect, Alcohol may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Acute gastritis
Balance disorder (loss of balance)
Central pontine myelinolysis
Central nervous system depression
Degeneration of mammilary bodies
Disinhibition
Distorted speech and loss of muscle control
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Liver toxicity
Korsakoff(s) psychosis
Wernicke(s) disaese.
Is It safe with alcohol?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect kidney function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir. I am Rajesh Kumar and I need help from a doctor. I am going through a problem. I am 17 years old but my weight is 44 Kg. I need to increase my weight because I want to go in army job. Please give me a details how to I gain my body weight quickly.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello sir. I am Rajesh Kumar and I need help from a doctor. I am going through a problem. I am 17 years old but my we...
Hello, Go for meditation to nourish your entire body to strengthen your cell & tissues improving your body in a healthy manner by conditioning your bones. Tk,  plenty of water to hydrate your body. Your diet be easily digestible ,high in protein-take  fish, eggs, chicken to energise your body. Tk,  apples, carrots, potatoes, sweet- potatoes, milk,  almonds. Tk, banana with hot milk in the breakfast. Add ghee in lunch. Go for aerobics. Tk,  homoeopathic medicine: @ AlfalfaQ -10 drops,  thrice with little water. Avoid, junkfood, ,alcohol & nicotine. Tk,  care.
2 people found this helpful

What to do in case of trapped gas and stool due to which there is pain in groin and hip area. Bowel is normal though.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
What to do in case of trapped gas and stool due to which there is pain in groin and hip area. Bowel is normal though.
Hello, Tk,  plenty of water to hydrate your body to prevent constipation, diluting acid  in stomach. Go for meditation to reduce your stress to nourish your body including digestive system to check gastric disorder. Your diet be simple, easily digestible on small intervals  to check gastric disorder.  Tk,  apples,  carrots,  Papaya, tonned mill. Tk,  homoeopathic medicine:Acid sulph 30-6 pills,  thrice. China 200-6 pills thrice. Avoid, junk food,  alcohol, nicotine & caffiene. Tk, care.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Throat cancer - Symptoms to watch for!

FACS, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Gurgaon
Throat cancer - Symptoms to watch for!

Throat cancer is a broad term used to cover cancer across a number of organs in the oronasal passage – right from the nasopharynx, oropharynx, glottis, epiglottis to supraglottis. Minus the medical terms, it means anywhere from the back of the nose and throat to the where the neck ends. The mucous cells along this path can undergo changes and begin multiplying rapidly, leading to cancer. The following are some additional risk factors:

Cigarette smoking is the most important of all, and a person can significantly reduce the risk by cutting down smoking. The throat has different types of linings and gland tissue, and depending on the cell type affected, the type of cancer could vary.

Symptoms: Throat cancer diagnosis can get delayed as the symptoms are very similar to a throat infection.

  1. Sore throat: A sore throat that lasts for weeks together is often a cause for concern and requires ruling out underlying serious problem. Having associated risk factors is a good way to see if ruling out cancer is needed.
  2. Cough: A cough that does not go away is a cause for concern. This is often associated with other symptoms mentioned here.
  3. Voice change: Usually hoarseness of the voice, which is painless and not accompanied by a throat infection, is an indication of throat cancer.
  4. Difficulty swallowing or breathing: Depending on where the cancer is located, there could be problems in either free breathing or swallowing. The developing mass gets in the way of free air and/or food movement.
  5. Lumpy feeling in the throat: If the developing mass is along the length of the throat, then there could be a lumpy feeling, as if something is caught in the throat and not going down.
  6. Bleeding: There could be bleeding either through the nose or the mouth, depending on the place of the cancer. Again, this is one of the late symptoms and not seen in the beginning.
  7. Unexplained weight loss: As with any cancer, throat cancer also leads to unexplained weight loss.

Depending on the area affected, the symptoms can point to the location. For instance, voice changes are often associated with laryngeal cancer. A combination of risk factor assessment and symptoms will help in pinning down the diagnosis. Reach out to the doctor as soon as you notice something is wrong, as early diagnosis is very good for timely intervention and improving prognosis. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

166 people found this helpful

Sexual Problems In Female

B.Sc.,B.A.M.S.,M.D.
Sexologist, Mathura
Sexual Problems In Female

A sexual problem, or sexual dysfunction, refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases:

Excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty) it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Fortunately, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor.

What causes sexual problems? 
Sexual dysfunction can be a result of a physical or psychological problem.

Physical causes: 
Many physical and medical conditions can cause sexual problems. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, neurological diseases, hormonal imbalances, menopause, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, and alcoholism and drug abuse. In addition, the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressant drugs, can affect sexual desire and function. 

Psychological causes:
These include work related stress and anxiety, concern about sexual performance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, and the affects of a part sexual trauma. 

Who is affected by sexual problems?
Both men and women are affected by sexual problems occur in adults of all ages. Among those commonly affected are those in seniors, which may be related to a decline in health associated with aging. 

How do sexual problems affected women?
The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction in women include:

  • Inhibited sexual desires
  • Inability to become aroused 
  • Lack of orgasm (anorgasmia)
  • Painful intercourse 

How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
The diagnose a woman's sexual problem, the doctor likely will begin with a through evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination 

How are female sexual problems treated?
The ideal approach to treating sexual problem in women involves a team effort between the woman, doctors, and trained therapists. Most types of sexual problems can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Other treatment strategies focus on the following:

  • Providing education.
  • Enhancing stimulation.
  • Providing distraction techniques.
  • Encouraging non coital behaviors.
  • Minimizing pain.

Can female sexual problems be cured?
The success of treatment for female sexual dysfunction depends on the underlying cause of the problem. The outlook is good for sexual problems related to a treatable or reversible physical condition. Mild dysfunction that is related to stress, fear, anxiety often can be successfully treated with counseling, education, and improved communication between partners. 

How do hormones affect sexual function? 
Hormones play an important role in regulating sexual function in women. With the decrease in the female hormone estrogen that is related to aging and menopause, many women experience some changes sexual function as they age, including poor vaginal lubrication and decreased genital sensation, and orgasm. 
Researchers still are investigation, the benefits of hormones and other medications, including ayurvedic medicine, to treat sexual problem in women 

When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
Many women experience a problem with sexual function from time to time. However, when the problems persistent, they, they can cause distress for the woman and her partner, and can we have a negative impact on their relationship. If you consistently experience these problems, see your doctor for evaluation and treatment 

Abandon unhealthy habits of younger days get married with revived youthfulness. 

2 people found this helpful

Erectile Dysfunction

Diploma In Traditional Siddha
Sexologist, Bilaspur
Erectile Dysfunction

A man is considered to have erectile dysfunction if he regularly finds it difficult getting or keeping a firm enough erection to be able to have sex, or if it interferes with other sexual activity.

Most men have occasionally experienced some difficulty with their penis becoming hard or staying firm. However, erectile dysfunction (ed) is only considered a concern if satisfactory sexual performance has been impossible on a number of occasions for some time.

Since the discovery that the drug sildenafil, or viagra, affected penile erections, most people have become aware that ed is a treatable medical condition.

Men who have a problem with their sexual performance may be reluctant to talk with their doctor, seeing it can be an embarrassing issue.

However, ed is now well understood, and there are various treatments available.

This mnt knowledge center article offers helpful information for people experiencing this problem, or those close to them.

Fast facts on erectile dysfunction:

Erectile dysfunction (ed) is defined as persistent difficulty achieving and maintaining an erection sufficient to have sex.

Causes are usually medical but can also be psychological.

Organic causes are usually the result of an underlying medical condition affecting the blood vessels or nerves supplying the penis.

Numerous prescription drugs, recreational drugs, alcohol, and smoking, can all cause ed.

Causes

Normal erectile function can be affected by problems with any of the following systems:

  • Blood flow
  • Nerve supply
  • Hormones
  • Physical causes

Erectile dysfunction can cause embarrassment.

It is always worth consulting a physician about persistent erection problems, as it could be caused by a serious medical condition.

Whether the cause is simple or serious, a proper diagnosis can help to address any underlying medical issues and help resolve sexual difficulties.

The following list summarizes many of the most common physical or organic causes of ed:

Heart disease and narrowing of blood vessels

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity and metabolic syndrome
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Hormonal disorders including thyroid conditions and testosteronedeficiency
  • Structural or anatomical disorder of the penis, such as peyronie disease
  • Smoking, alcoholism, and substance abuse, including cocaine use

Treatments for prostate disease

  • Surgical complications
  • Injuries in the pelvic area or spinal cord
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvic region
  • Atherosclerosis is a common cause of blood flow problems. Atherosclerosis causes a narrowing or clogging of arteries in the penis, preventing the necessary blood flow to the penis to produce an erection.
  • Numerous prescription medications can also cause ed, including those below. Anyone taking prescription medications should consult their doctor before stopping or changing their medications:
  • Drugs to control high blood pressure
  • Heart medications such as digoxin

Some diuretics

Drugs that act on the central nervous system, including some sleeping pills and amphetamines

Anxiety treatments

Antidepressants, including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (maois), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (ssris), and tricyclic antidepressants

Opioid painkillers

Some cancer drugs, including chemotherapeutic agents

Prostate treatment drugs

Anticholinergics

Hormone drugs

The peptic ulcer medication cimetidine

Physical causes account for 90 percent of ed cases, with psychological causes much less common.

Psychological causes

In rare cases, a man may always have had ed and may never have achieved an erection. This is called primary ed, and the cause is almost always psychological if there is no obvious anatomical deformity or physiological issue. Such psychological factors can include:

  • Guilt
  • Fear of intimacy
  • Depression
  • Severe anxiety

Most cases of ed are'secondary' this means that erectile function has been normal, but becomes problematic. Causes of a new and persistent problem are usually physical.

Less commonly, psychological factors cause or contribute to ed, with factors ranging from treatable mental health illnesses to everyday emotional states that most people experience at some time.

It is important to note that there can be overlap between medical and psychosocial causes. For instance, if a man is obese, blood flow changes can affect his ability to maintain an erection, which is a physical cause. However, he may also have low self-esteem, which can impact erectile function and is a psychosocial cause.

Does riding a bicycle cause ed?

Questions remain about the effects on men's health of riding a bicycle.

Some research has raised concerns that men who regularly cycle for long hours could have a higher risk of ed, in addition to other men's health issues such as infertilityand prostate cancer.

The most recent study to investigate this found that there was no link between riding a bike and ed, but it did find an association between longer hours of cycling and the risk of prostate cancer.

Prostate disease and ed

Prostate cancer does not cause ed.

However, prostate surgery to remove the cancer and radiation therapy to treat prostate cancer can cause ed.

Treatment of non-cancerous, benign prostate disease can also cause the condition.

Treatment

The good news is that there are many treatments for ed, and most men will find a solution that works for them. Treatments include:

Drug treatments

Men can take a group of drugs called pde-5 (phosphodiesterase-5) inhibitors.

Most of these pills are taken 30 to 60 minutes before sex - the best known being the blue-colored pill sildenafil (viagra). Other options are:

Vardenafil (levitra)

Tadalafil (taken as a once-daily pill called cialis)

Avanafil (stendra)

Pde-5 inhibitors are only available on prescription. A doctor will check for heart conditions and ask about other medications being taken before prescribing.

Side-effects associated with pde-5 inhibitors include:

  • Flushing
  • Visual abnormalities
  • Hearing loss
  • Indigestion
  • Headache

Less commonly used drug options include prostaglandin e1, which is applied locally by either injecting it into the penis or inserting it down the opening of the urethra.

Most men prefer a pill, however, so these locally acting drugs tend to be reserved for men who cannot take oral treatment.

Online pharmacies

It is possible to buy treatment over the internet for ed. However, caution is advised.

The united states (u. S.) food and drug administration (fda) has a consumer safety guide about this, including a recommendation to check that the online pharmacy:

Is located in the u. S. And licensed

Has a licensed pharmacist to answer questions.

Requires a prescription.

Offers direct contact with a person who can discuss any problems.

You can check whether the pharmacy is licensed using this list of verified internet pharmacy practice sites (vipps).

The fda also offers tips for spotting the dangers of an unsafe website, including watching out for the following clues:

There is no way to contact the website by phone.

Prices are dramatically lower than those offered by legal online pharmacies.

Prescription drugs are offered without requiring a prescription - which is illegal.

Personal information is not protected.

The fda adds that these illegal sites may send drugs of unknown quality and origin, even sending the wrong drug or a dangerous product.

Vacuum devices

Vacuum erection devices are a mechanical way of producing an erection for men who do not want or cannot use drug treatments, or find they are not working.

The penis is made rigid by the use of a vacuum pump sealed around it that draws up blood. This is prevented from then leaving the penis by the use of an accompanying band.

The lack of spontaneity with the use of vacuum devices means that many men find other treatments for ed preferable.

Surgical treatments

There are several surgical treatment options:

Penile implants: these are a final option reserved for men who have not had any success with drug treatments and other non-invasive options.

Vascular surgery: another surgical option for some men is vascular surgery, which attempts to correct some blood vessel causes of ed.

Surgery is a last resort and will only be used in the most extreme cases. Recovery time varies, but success rates are high.

Do dietary supplements and alternative treatments work?

The short answer is" no"

No guidelines followed by doctors, nor any established sources of evidence, support the use of dietary supplements, such as herbal pills.

In addition to there being no evidence in favor of non-prescription alternatives for ed, the fda has warned of hidden risks of" treatments" sold online.

Symptoms

Men may not always successfully achieve an erection, and if this rarely happens, it is not considered a medical problem.

However, ed does not only refer to a complete inability to achieve an erect penis. Symptoms can also include struggling to maintain an erection for long enough to complete intercourse or an inability to ejaculate.

There are often also emotional symptoms, such as embarrassment, shame, anxiety, and a reduced interest in sexual intercourse.

A man is considered to have ed when these symptoms occur regularly.

Exercises

There are exercises a man can carry out to reduce the effects of ed.

The best way to treat erectile dysfunction without medication is by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles with kegel exercises. These are often associated with women looking to strengthen their pelvic area during pregnancy, but they can be effective for men looking to regain full function of the penis.

Firstly, find the pelvic floor muscles. You can achieve this by stopping mid-stream two or three times the next time you urinate. The muscles you can feel working during this process are the pelvic floor muscles, and they will be the focus of kegel exercises.

One kegel exercise consists of tightening and holding these muscles for 5 seconds and then releasing them. Try to do between 10 and 20 repetitions each day. This may not be possible when you first start doing the exercises. However, they should become easier over time.

You should be able to notice an improvement after 6 weeks.

Make sure you are breathing naturally throughout this process and avoid pushing down as if you are forcing urination. Instead, bring the muscles together in a squeezing motion.

Aerobic exercise, such a jog or even a brisk walk, can also help the blood to circulate better and can help improve ed in men who have circulation issues.

Tests

  • The numerous potential causes of ed mean that a doctor will typically ask a lot of questions and arrange for blood tests to be performed. Such tests can check for heart problems, diabetes, and low testosterone, among other things. The doctor will also carry out a physical examination, including of the genitals.
  • Before considering a diagnosis that requires treatment, a doctor will look for symptoms that have persisted for at least 3 months.
  • Once a medical history has been established, a doctor will then undertake further investigation. One simple test, known as the'postage stamp test' can be helpful in determining if the cause is physical rather than psychological.
  • Men usually have 3 to 5 erections a night. This test checks for the presence of erections at night by seeing if postage stamps applied around the penis before sleep have snapped off overnight. Other tests of nocturnal erection include the poten test and snap-gauge test.
  • These methods provide limited information but can help guide a doctor's choice of further tests.
12 people found this helpful

Hair fall and Skin Rejuvenation - PRP For It!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Kolkata
Hair fall and Skin Rejuvenation - PRP For It!

PRP is a latest, state of the art technology that employs non-surgical methods to stimulate hair growth in case of hair loss.

Advancements in research have enabled scientists to make new inroads in the field of wound and tissue healing. The result of these researches is PRP, which is a natural way to rejuvenate your scalp, skin and stimulate your hair growth.

How does PRP Work?

The presence of mesenchymal stem cells and autologous blood products in human blood contain specific growth factors that assist in tissue regeneration and healing. PRP has been used to heal skin and wounds for over two decades now. Apart from this, it finds use in oral surgery, cosmetic surgery and neurosurgery as well. It is also the promising treatment to promote hair growth.

Benefits:

  • It is a progressive healing treatment that doesn't require surgery.
  • Simple, rapid and highly effective system.
  • Autologous (from patient's own blood).
  • The system is biocompatible and xeno-free, so there shouldn't be any safety concerns.
  • An increase in the concentration of platelets can be observed.
  • It helps in the elimination of undesired erythrocytes, which significantly decrease the fibroblast proliferation.
  • Contains growth factors that help in the stimulation of growth of the hair follicles.
  • Can be performed preoperatively, intraoperatively, or post operatively.

PRP Facial (Vampire Facial)
The vampire facial involves topical application of the PRP combined with aeration of the skin with Micro Needling. The platelet-derived growth factors stimulate a healing response that reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while improving the skin’s tone and texture. PRP naturally improves all aspects of skin health:

  • Reduces fine lines and wrinkles
  • Improves skin’s texture and tone
  • Naturally increases collagen production
  • Pore refinement
  • Creates a natural glow
  • Reduces acne scars

PRP Hair Restoration
PRP Hair Restoration is a non-surgical solution for hair loss in both men and women. Platelet Rich Plasma contains growth factors that naturally stimulate the development of new hair follicles while improving the health of existing hair follicles.

What to expect:
First, a blood sample is obtained and processed to extract the Platelet Rich Plasma. A topical anesthetic is applied to numb the area being treated. The PRP is then administered with a fine needle in a series of injections on the scalp.

Mild swelling and redness can be expected 1-2 days following the treatment. It is recommended to avoid vigorous activity until the swelling has subsided. There is no other downtime following the procedure. New hair growth can be seen as early as 2 months, but is typically evident between 5-8 months and will continue to improve up to a year after treatment.

Who should Not Have PRP treatment?

Those with heavy drug and smoking issue should avoid PRP. Also, those who drink a lot of alcohol should avoid PRP. Those suffering from platelets related ailments, sepsis, chronic liver disease, thrombocytopenia, hyperfibrinogenemia, systemic disorders and cancer should also stay away from PRP.

Conclusion

At length, PRP is a boon for all those who aren't fans of surgery or the ones who prefer a more aggressive but non-surgical approach for treatment to their ailments. The results might vary from patient to patient, but it is certainly one of the most promising technologies to stimulate hair growth and rejuvenate your skin, and the results are quite convincing. So decide wisely!

2 people found this helpful

Moderate Alcohol Consumption - How Can It Improve Brain Function?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Chennai
Moderate Alcohol Consumption - How Can It Improve Brain Function?

It is common belief that alcohol consumption is a social menace and is injurious to health. It is the third leading lifestyle causes of death in the United States and takes a toll on the health care costs of the country. Many organs like the liver, kidney, heart, and brain are affected in people who are addicted to alcohol. However, it has been proven that alcohol consumption in minor amounts can have beneficial effects on the human body including the heart.

The side effects depend on a number of factors listed below.

  • Type of alcohol consumption (social or habitual drinker)
  • Amount of alcohol consumed
  • Frequency of drinking
  • Age, gender, and genetic predisposition of the person to develop alcohol-related diseases
  • Family history of alcoholism and its related diseases
  • Age at which the person started drinking
  • The number of years that a person has been consuming alcohol
  • Overall health condition of the person
  • Exposure to alcohol as a fetus

Like the adage goes, anything in excess is bad. It is not necessary that a habitual or social drinker who consumes a drink or two per week would end up with these issues. In fact, if recent studies are to be believed, mild to moderate intake of alcohol does have a benefit to overall health.

  • The cardiovascular benefits are the most prominent. Red wine and beer, in particular, are shown to provide benefits against cardiovascular damage in the long run. This could be due to the antioxidant properties of red wine. Alcohol itself (ethanol or ethyl alcohol) also has a positive effect. Some varieties of beer, porter and stout varieties in particular, are also shown to be beneficial. The anti-inflammatory properties and antiatherogenic (effect on plaque formation in the blood vessel) are what contribute to these positive effects.
  • There is evidence to show that cholesterol profile is improved (good cholesterol increase) and clotting function is improved in people who have mild alcohol consumption.
  • The insulin sensitivity is also better, leading to better control of sugar levels.
  • Light alcohol consumption also is believed to reduce the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. However, heavy alcohol consumption is believed to increase the risk of stroke and other cerebral events.
  • Limited alcohol use is also linked with reduced risk of dementia. Heavy consumption leads to faster memory decline.
  • The key to note is that these benefits are only when the alcohol consumption is mild to moderate. In excess, the negative effects of alcohol are well established and numerous. Some of the most significant ones being cirrhosis of the liver and cancers of various organs including mouth, liver, larynx, oesophagus, colon, breast, pancreas, etc. To reduce these effects, alcohol screening and brief counselling to reduce habituation are helpful.