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HIV - I Genotype Test

HIV - I Genotype Test

also known as: Anti-retroviral Drug Resistance Testing, ARV Resistance Testing.

HIV Antiretroviral Drug Resistance Testing is a qualitative diagnostic test. It is applied to detect the HIV infection. It deals with the drug mutation. The point to be remembered in HIV resistance testing is, it is not done if a person's viral load is less than 500 mL. Testing is recommended if the viral load is greater than 1,000 mL. It is known to detect mutations associated with drug resistance. HIV Antiretroviral Drug Resistance Testing also is called Antiretroviral Drug Resistance Testing or ARV Resistance Testing. It is a clinically proven test to detect the symptoms. HIV genotypic resistance testing doesn’t detect unknown resistance mutations.

No special preparation is needed. Try to take fruit juices or something to be thrilled and chilled. The individual should not take too much calorie intake before undergoing the test procedure. If the patient is already taking allopathy, homeopathy, or Ayurvedic medicines and medications, he should inform the doctor. The doctor may have set of instructions to share and it’s patient’s duty to follow these. While HIV genotypic antiretroviral resistance testing is taking place, it becomes the situation of knife-edge if the person is the drug addict. So, the person has to undergo the test with utmost care.

No doubt, this test has universal applicability. It is clinically proven. When it comes to the test’s application, the investigation is suggested to conclude following things: It is used to select a drug regimen. This is important so as to treat the infected person effectively. The test is used to check whether the HIV strain infecting an individual is resistant or not. When it comes to resistance checking, this test is used to identify resistance to antiretroviral drugs like Protease inhibitors, reverse transcriptase inhibitors integrals inhibitors. The test is also used to assess patient prognosis.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) genotypic antiretroviral drug mentions the condition in which a microorganism is able to survive. For the purpose of determining, the test takes place in following ways: The step is to apply the Reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). And then amplification of the entire sequence of the PR gene is done. Then the comparison is done. At last the associated drug resistance is identified. After these steps being followed, the final reports are prepared. These reports are studied by the doctor. And then the prescribed treatment takes place.

This procedure may not be successful when the HIV viral load is <500 copies/mL plasma. If there is insufficient virus to produce results, HIV-1 RNA quantitation will be performed to confirm viral load, and the procedure will be billed at the account's prevailing fee.
Plasma, frozen.
Lavender-top (EDTA) or plasma preparation tube (PPT™).

Table of Content

What is HIV - I Genotype Test?
Preparation for HIV - I Genotype Test
Uses of HIV - I Genotype Test
Procedure for HIV - I Genotype Test
Limitations of HIV - I Genotype Test
Specimen Requirements
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